PHILOSOPHY ESSAY ARISTOTLE The philosophical concepts, ideologies and writings of Aristotle have influenced a plethora of wide-ranging subjects and disciplines, both in a positive manner where Aristotle has been lauded for the representation of his beliefs, and also in a disapproving way where the thinker’s ideologies have suffered a backlash from critics and commentators…
In a comparative assessment of political systems, Aristotle’s remarks on the perversions of democracy have proved to be a prominent tenet of political discussion and questioning. As a staunch realist, the Greek philosopher propagated the assumption that the idea of a government, which in essence is perfect, complete or best is one which is unattainable and utopian. Sidgwick (1892) argues that Aristotle’s categorization of the kinds of governments is not his own, but it is in fact the result of a pursuit to represent the ideas of his predecessor and teacher, Plato by stating the former’s concepts with an augmented degree of even greater disagreements for the various types of political systems to possibly avoid allegations of unoriginality or literary theft (Sidgwick 141-144). Aristotle’s primary premise is based upon his definition of the constitution which he describes as an association of positions that are reliant upon the degree of authority or power possessed by various social classes in their division amongst the citizens. In the philosopher’s categorization of the ultimate political system in comparison with one which is perverted, the underlying variable is the quantity of rulers in each scenario or governmental setup. Aristotle establishes that in the case of ‘rule by many’ as opposed to ‘rule by one’, democracy is a term linked with a perverted depiction of an otherwise positive concept of polity, which leads to the incidence of corruption, unequal distribution of wealth, anarchy and a consequent obliteration of the state. It should however be noted at no point does Aristotle completely discredit democracy as a hollow shell by presenting alternating scenarios where the degree of its perversion is decreased. The main criticism that Aristotle places on the system of democracy is how demagogues are able to manipulate and eventually direct the perceptions, opinions and emotions of the public such that laws begin to lose meaning and government decrees begin to hold more significance. When such situations prevail, a democratically elected leader is transformed into a monarch or a an implicit dictator who imposes a repressive rule over the people, without the people even being aware of it, as everything happens under the veil of democracy. It is also believed that when power is vested in the hands of poor people, who are illiterate and uninformed, they will not be able to execute effectively the responsibilities that come with holding esteemed positions. In stating so, however, Aristotle does agree that a complete exclusion of the lower class from the affairs of the state is not an appropriate option because taking such an action would increase animosities and discrepancies between the rich and the poor rather than bridging the differences. Capitalist democracies of today have failed to recognize that a mere label of democracy that is apparently working on the basis of equality and justice is not enough to claim that the workings of a political system are successful when a vast global population that lives below the poverty line is suffering so greatly. For Aristotle, democracy still stands as a form of government which has a lesser degree of perversion in comparison wit ...
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“Aristotle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/89280-aristotle.
He was educated in the court and at the age of 17 he went to Athens to continue his education. There he learned from Plato, Socrates’ famous student. As a philosophy student, Aristotle, at first, absorbed all he could from his teacher and mentor, but in maturing as a student and thinker, he began to break away from Plato’s ideas, especially his thoughts on the Theory of Forms, and shape opposite views than those of his teacher through exercising his own brain.
Yet in doing this, it is quite tempting to look at life as a measure of happiness which, unfortunately, is often constrained by earthly standards. Rarely does a man claim to have a perfect life. Difficulties are inevitable and even if they are not, man would always strive for more of what there is.
Student’s Name: Instructor’s Name: Subject: Essay, Philosophy Date: Topic: Aristotle essay Introduction: With the mention of “The highest good and the end toward which all human activity is directed is happiness, which can be defined as continuous contemplation of eternal and universal truth,” (Aristotle, n.
He believed that the existing system of the allocation of land in Athens was not acceptable. The prevalent system of communal meals also drew a line between the rich and the poor. Aristotle’s Idea of Citizenship and State and the Government Aristotle based his theory of citizenship on the premise that the citizens were the units that composed a bigger entity known as the state.
In traditional logic, a syllogism is an inference in which one proposition (the conclusion) follows of necessity from two others (known as premises).
In his Posterior Analytics, Aristotle sets out what seems to be a rather stringent method of acquiring scientific knowledge and understanding (episteme).
What are its results? What is distinctive and problematic in what Aristotle has to say about nous?
Aristotle introduced nous and epagoge as parts of the scientific procedure and, thus vital components in obtaining scientific
roject an impression to the reader that you are someone worth listening to, in other words making yourself as author into an authority on the subject of the paper, as well as someone who is likable and worthy of respect. “ It doesn’t only present one side of the picture. It
The son of a doctor, Aristotle lived and worked at a time when knowledge was starting to branch into different disciplines. Well educated, his fine language skills furnished him with the tools for analysis, calculation, interpretation, and reckoning. He defined the basics of logic, upon which the building blocks of science and mathematics have been placed.
He articulates a definite method of evaluating art in his writing. The true object of art must represent some definite perspective or object of life, according to him. An artist gets inspiration from nature and the ever-changing world around him,
The act of virtue is thus, not merely one of charity but is also directed towards the fulfillment of one’s own desires.
This however, does not mean that one does not experience difficulties while dispensing with goodness. Amaly would need to exercise a great deal of
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