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What challenge does the problem of induction raise for the status of scientific knowledge? Can the problem be solved? - Essay Example
Author : prunolfsson
Pages 8 (2008 words)
Induction concerns the process of reasoning on which people base their inferences about observations they make. The problem of induction relates to the philosophical inquiry into the possibility of inductive reasoning leading to understanding of classical philosophical logic…
However strong, no inductive argument warrants certainty of its conclusion. David Hume held that no truth can be obtained about a theory regardless of how man tests of hypothesis passes. Hume assumed that an enumerative induction would exist if an inductive reasoning is consistent when it results into roughly true conclusions frequently. This paper explores the challenge that the problem of induction raises for the status of scientific knowledge and possible solution to the challenge. Formulation of the Problem of Induction For a quick formulation of the problem of induction, Born argues that “. . . no observation or experiment, however extended, can give more than a finite number of repetitions” (Bird & Ladyman 2012, pg. 31). Inductive argument is founded on numerous inferences based on different observations of an event. Each observation yields new conclusions. For example, based on a chain of observations that a man jogs to work at 6a.m on Friday, it appears justifiable to conclude that the man will jog to work next Friday, or generally, that the man jogs to work every Friday. The next Friday the man jogs to work does not provide evidence that the man usually jogs at 6a.m to work on Fridays, but simply add on to the number of observations made.
Inductive reasoning forms greater part of human reasoning. The problem of induction entails justification in inductive reasoning method. ...