It is also involved in the study of ordinary ethical issues in other branches of medicine such as primary care. A good example of ordinary ethical issues is the decision to pull the switch on a patient who is being kept alive by hospital machines since they are brain dead hence the chances of their recovery are extremely small. One of the major contributors in bioethics is Peter Singer who has put across various theories in this field. One theory he stipulates is that sacrifices of significant interests must not be done for the sake of minor interest. By this, he means that when considering an ethical issue one must evaluate what is more valuable than the other and then make a decision favoring what is more significant of the two factors. This theory has been used to decide on various ethical issues when it comes to medicine. A practical example is by considering the example given earlier. In the hospitals doctors and family members always find themselves in tough situations I deciding whether to turn off machines that are keeping a patient who is brain dead alive. Often family members always rely on the doctor’s advice when deciding on whether to pull the plug or not. By using singer’s theory doctors often ask their self one crucial question. Is the patient who is brain dead worth keeping alive without the hopes of any recovery even though it means putting the patient’s family members in serious financial problems because of the high costs they incur as a result of medical bill? After doctors evaluate this question, they end up advice their patient’s family member to agree to turn of the machines keeping the patient alive since they will only suffer financially despite the fact that the patient will never wake up or recover. Singer’s theory has also been vastly used when it comes to the ethical issue of using animals when it comes to the advancement of medicine and biology. He argues that rights for animals, which are of an inferior species than humans should not be put before that of human beings. By this, the scholar stipulated that, people should not discredit the use of animals in medical research because this testing f animals will help along were in improving the lives of human beings, which is much more valuable than the life of animals. Singer is a key contributor in the ethical issue of abortion where he opposes termination of pregnancies. He argues that the right to life is in effect tied to the capacity of the being to feel pleasure or pain hence holding its preferences. Due to this fact, Singer arrived at the three conclusions about abortion. It is incorrect to end life of a human who is innocent; a foetus can be considered an innocent human; therefore it is wrong to kill a foetus since it is a human being. He also stipulates that it is the moral position of the pregnant woman that will help her in deciding whether to have an abortion and not the law (Singer 144). Question Two Kant’s Categorical Imperative In moral philosophy, Immanuel Kant came up with the concept of the categorical imperative which stipulates that an unconditional requirement that requires justification to be an end and not as a means to another end. By this, he meant that morality is summarized into one law of reason referred to as imperative from which, every obligation and duty is derived from. An imperative can be defined as a proposition that defines doing or not doing a deed as necessary (Kant 37). By using this concept, it can be concluded that immorality happens when one fails to follow the categorical imperative. Immanuel Kant disagreed with other moral philosophies such as utilitarian concept. He argued that utilitarian philosophies on morality are not particle because they are based on
A lot of moral and ethical questions are raised especially in relation to biotechnology, politics, life sciences, philosophy, and war. Bioethics is the study of these controversial issues that arise as a result of advancement of medicine and biology…
Immanuel Kant’s categorical imperative (CI) theory proffers that actions or decisions must be made according to a prescribed general rule where everyone is expected to abide as “a rule that is true in all circumstances” (BBC, 1). Likewise, in another discourse, the Religious Studies Online emphasized that Kant’s theory of CI “could be seen as a rational justification for following the golden rule that is the cornerstone of Christian morals” (Religious, par.
Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) argued that moral requirements are based on a standard of rationality, he termed them as the “Categorical Imperative”. Immorality thus involves contradicting the rules of the Categorical Imperative and is thereby irrational.
He believes that this is the lucid basis for moral behavior (Kant, p.34). Imperatives that are hypothetical aim at achieving certain results that a person wants. Kantian ethics have two characteristics in that they are ethics of duty and they also profess that an action is moral if it is done because it is the right thing to do.
Immanuel Kant formulated his principles regarding what is right and wrong. He developed a system of three questions he referred to as formulations which an individual need to ask before undertaking any action in order to decide upon ethicality of the action.
Although WorldCom failure is attributed to the company’s aggressive acquisition strategy, accounting fraud also played a notable role in forcing the organization to file for bankruptcy. The WorldCom case reflects a range of ethical problems that are likely to cause further corporate failures in future.
Kant presented no definition of it. I analyzed that Kant dedicated no endeavor to analyzing it. Notably, Kant stayed unambiguously divergent to any approach conceited to ground ethics teleologically in the predictable realization of ends. Kant discarded the effort to found ethics upon the expected realization of empirical ends.
Imperatives that are hypothetical aim at achieving certain results that a person wants. Kantian ethics have two characteristics in that they are ethics of duty and they also profess that an action is moral if it is done because it is the right thing to do.
Many questionable issues in modern society are being observed from the perspective of morality. The concept of categorical imperative by Immanuel Kant provides a background for observation of the variety of aspects of life. It is less connected with the outcomes and contacts merely with inner truth and the connection with the surrounding world.
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