StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Dualism's Mistake - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Dualism's Mistake

Descartes’ Dualism Mistake The problem of the relationship between the body and the soul is one of the main philosophical problems in the history of Philosophy. Philosophers, since the time of Aristotle up to the contemporary time, are dividend on how really, soul and body are related. In modern period, Rene Descartes is credited for having systematized the debate, and thus provoked a lot of interest in the debate. Descartes conception of the relationship between the body and the soul was perfectly in line with his dualistic conception of reality. In his Metaphysics, Descartes conceived reality has being composed of two substances: Thought and Extension. Descartes defined a substance as, that which can exist on its own, without depending on any other thing for its existence (cRyle, n.d). Following this dualistic conception of reality, Descartes saw human beings as being composed of two substances, i.e., the soul (thought) and the body (extension). However, Descartes understood the essence of human person not as a composite of body and soul, but rather as soul (thought only). So, according to Descartes, the body is not a part of a human nature, but it is necessary united to the souls to help the soul in perceiving external realities. But this dualistic view of mankind has received a lot of oppositions since the time of Descartes. A critical analysis of Descartes dualistic conception of human nature shows that, Descartes is grossly mistaken on this view. The main argument that clearly shows that Descartes is wrong in his dualistic conception of the nature of human person is the fact that a logical analysis of Descartes claim shows that Descartes, actually, contradicted himself. Descartes began his argument by, first, asserting what a substance is, i.e., something that is self-existent. Descartes then proceeded to argue that human being’s essence is thought since one cannot doubt their own thinking self. In supporting his claim, Descartes contended that while we can, actually, doubt about whether we really have bodies or not, we cannot possibly doubt whether we are doubting. And on this basis, Descartes concluded that the essence of human beings is their thinking self or simply thought. Having concluded that the essence of human being is thought, Descartes proceeded to argue that apart from his thinking self, human beings also, have an extended body. And in supporting his claim he argued that since we can clearly and distinctly conceive ourselves as having extended bodies that interact and perceive external realities, it is true, therefore, that we, indeed, have extended bodies. And to answer the question of what is the importance of our bodies to our souls; Descartes contended that our bodies aid our souls in perceiving or sensing the external, extended realities. Descartes contradicted himself on this issue, by claiming that the soul as a substance is self-existent, and then proceeding to claim that the soul needs the body in order to interact and to perceive external realities. Descartes clearly contradicted himself. If the soul as a substance is self-existent, then the soul would not need the body for any reason. This logical contradiction shows that Descartes dualistic conception of reality is wrong and cannot be sustained logically. Once you claim that the soul does not need any other thing for its existence, then to be consistent, you should argue that the body is not necessary ...Show more


Rene Descartes’ Dualism Mistake By, Henry Nabea Abstract In his Philosophical Psychology, Rene Descartes conceived human beings as being composed of two independent substances, i.e. body and soul. But a critical analysis of this dualistic conception of human nature shows that Descartes claim is false and untenable…
Author : jchamplin
Dualisms Mistake essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Dualism's Mistake"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

The Human Rights Act 1998 was a constitutional mistake. Discuss
In the above three cases, there have been a failure to consider for deportation of foreign prisoners who are held under terrorism charges which illustrated an obvious necessity to overhaul the HRA4. It is to be observed that HRA has created a scenario where it was deemed that all public bodies in UK would adhere to the Convention and offered power to the UK courts to hear challenges to any infringement.
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
Critically discuss the law governing unilateral mistake in relation to the identity of the other contracting party
That case will be discussed below but to fully understanding their reasoning a review of prior law is appropriate. In an older case Cundy v Lindsayii Lindsay & Co were manufacturers of linen handkerchiefs. They received correspondence from a rogue named Blenkarn who purported to be 'Blenkiron & Co',.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
A)The impact of misrepresentation, mistake, duress and undue influence on the validity of a contract.b)The circumstances in whic
Therefore, misrepresentation covers pre-contractual statements made before entering into the contract in order to induce one party into the contract which they would not otherwise have entered into (p. 122). Misrepresentation is a vitiating factor to a contract, and actionable misrepresentation entitles the innocent party to several remedies.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Dose Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake by: H.A Prichard
But students feel a certain disconnect to the often abstract ideas that they cannot directly relate in their everyday lives. Such is the dilemma of moral philosophy which Prichard geared to tackle. Moral question are often within our midst
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
They Jumped, I Jumped. Nearly life-altering mistake
I had just started a new school after my mother had received a new job on the other side of town. It was difficult to leave my friends and my home, all that I had known for many years. I was nervous and anxious because I was not sure that I would be able to fit in at this school, or that I would not be able to find new friends.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Mistake of fact
The two charges, namely, murder and theft are the most serious of the three because if convicted, Johnny could be imprisoned for life. To begin with the defense of Johnny, it is important to stress the
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Write a 3 page long essay about an error, mistake or blunder you have committed in your business life and examine the causes of it
Butcher (2012) defines business mistakes as slip-ups conducted by businessmen as a result of poor judgment. He continues to argue that persons will always fail in their businesses, if they engage in business without
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
The best mistake i ever made was
This was my first time that I got a project to complete my own within the budget. It was a new drug in the market with limited allocation for its marketing. The whole campaign
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Life mistake
It all started when I was twelve years and I was completely overwhelmed by the emotional toll that comes with adolescence. Coupled with the immense emotional changes was a compelling peer
2 pages (500 words) Essay
The Mistake of the Month
The article explains that people often make mistakes that have both big and small impacts on their activities, for instance, the main character, Katie Paine misses
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation