Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
College
Author : oramurray
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 6 (1506 words)

Summary

5) Nietzsche argues against philosophy and reason. What is his view? Why was Socrates a mistake? Why are ethics, religion, law, and democracy mistakes? Why must the superman have complete freedom? Does Nietzsche have a methodology to help derive his view? Do you think Nietzsche is right or wrong?…

Extract of sample
INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY

Furthermore, it tells us that knowledge is acquired through the exercise of reason, understood as a faculty that can operate independently, in whole or in part, of a posteriori evidence. One of the elements which is most central to Nietzsche’s philosophy is illustrated in his famous declaration that, “God is Dead!” (Cahn 1227) This affirms a complete rejection of metaphysical, moral, and religious truths as grounds for reality. Unlike the Socratic philosophical canon, Nietzsche contends that the spiritual dimension is illusory. To Nietzsche, the existence of God, religion, morality, ethics, free will, freedom, and laws are mistakes for they are nothing but imaginary causes, an imaginary psychology. In his view, such things are nothing but mere projections of one’s psychological desire for security and calculability in life. In addition, it presupposes a denial of universal morality as the basis for human conduct. Nietzsche believed that once the existence of God is unveiled as an illusion, then it follows that God can no longer be implemented as the foundation for human ethical conducts. ...
Download paper

Related Essays

The influnce of Socrates and Plato on ancient philosophy and modern western philosophy
Nonetheless, Socrates was a well-known and contentious personality in ancient Greece. Socrates was a philosopher of ancient Greece who is acknowledged for establishing the basics of modern Western philosophy. Socrates has had a vast influence on ancient Greek or, generally, on Western philosophy, together with apprentices Plato and Aristotle. Even though most of the influence of Socrates is in the field of ethics, his contribution to the discipline of logic and epistemology is notable as well. On the other hand, the contributions of Plato to Western philosophy, such as his most celebrated…
4 pages (1004 words)
Introduction to Philosophy
His absolute idealism could only be understood through arbitrary thoughts and beliefs of existence and philosophy in the contemporary society and politics. As a result, Hegel believed that the past forms of philosophy do not simply, arbitrarily and unintentionally guide towards his own beliefs of idealism (Silverman 131). Instead, Hegel discovered that the essential consummation of the past thoughts formed foundation for absolute idealism. While still grasping his philosophy of absolute idealism, Hegel concurred with Schelling that an actual idealism is not obliged to just accept the…
3 pages (753 words)
Introduction to Philosophy
He continues to argue that this method is sufficient to proof the doubt within a concept. This argument contradicts with Kant’s notion of existence of things. According to Kant, a thing is understandable and definable. Separation of rationality and existence of things in the spatial world is the only existing proof of things. Descartes’ method of self-consciousness indicates that the existence of an individual is equivalents to the things that the individual recognize their existence. Existence and non-existence of things introduce the subject of doubt in the argument. Kant considers this…
4 pages (1004 words)
Introduction to Philosophy Questions
The invasion of privacy is always a very serious and sensitive matter. But, then again, Cobb’s team is not made to appear in good light with regards to their job which is why there are severe dangers to their profession. But with permission, accessing of thoughts (although far from the fictitious modus operandi of Cobb and team) is used by psychologists for therapeutic purposes in order to unburden their patient’s subconscious and give them better internal peace. The Inception concept could also likewise be used in the same light but, as they say, with great power comes great…
4 pages (1004 words)
INTRODUCTION TO WESTERN PHILOSOPHY
It targets at cogent understanding and utilizes discursive techniques in handling the perceptions drawn from experience, work, history, or any other domain of human life. The same conception is articulated in the old saying that the purpose of philosophy is to conceal the delusion of knowledge where none in actuality exists. Answers can be offered, but they remain to create the residue, which is called philosophy. Put it another way, philosophy, like all other studies focuses chiefly on knowledge. The knowledge concentrates on this form of knowledge, which offers unity and system to the organ…
6 pages (1506 words)
Boethius
In this case, the infallible providence of God is privy to all future events and whatever actions a rational creature sets out to do have actually been predetermined. However, this is going against the concept of freedom of choice, this is because the premise for legitimate free will would comprise of a non-predetermined course of things since freedom can be loosely defined as a the will by a rational creature to determine its own life and destiny independently. Thus, concisely if God is all knowing, cannot be wrong, and he knows of the human destiny and future action, then it translates that…
5 pages (1255 words)
Introduction to philosophy.
The two are modern philosophers and their ideas lay a foundation to much human thought and examine the modern thought as they have developed a unique philosophy that extends to both rationalism and empiricism worlds. Examining both Hume and Descartes contributions to philosophy shows their critical contribution to the foundation of Kant and thus the basis that united rationalism and empiricism. Descartes contributions He is a rationalists who believe that some knowledge is attained other than by or via human senses, for instance, he says, “I therefore think I am” is a crucial element of…
4 pages (1004 words)