• Home
  • Subjects
  • Philosophy
  • Critically evaluate John Rawls claim in political liberalism to justify Justice as Fairness as a political conception.

Critically evaluate John Rawls claim in political liberalism to justify Justice as Fairness as a political conception. - Term Paper Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Critically evaluate John Rawls claim in political liberalism to justify Justice as Fairness as a political conception.

In liberalism, the individual, which is the moral and ethical foundation in which it is established, asserts that it is under democracy, “the whole force of the community, the person and goods of every associate, and by means of which each, uniting with all, nevertheless obeys only himself, and remains as free as before” (Rousseau 1989 bk 1 ch 6). As such, the free, rational, and autonomous individual serves as the main image of human persons. However, these attributes give rise to the question how can liberal strangers be turned into democratic citizens. In other words, how can the free and rational individual (liberal strangers) be political (become democratic citizens)? John Rawls’ political liberalism is one of the several approaches use in determining the connection between the individual and the state while taking into account the reality of pluralism and diversity of worldviews that frames the social life of the individual. In the face of this reality, one cannot maintain the position of indifference towards the state and assert that as “long as the vast terrain of social relationships and communities existing alongside the individual… the state is not taken into account” (Chaplin, 1994, p. 81). ...
Download paper

Summary

Rawls’ Justice as Fairness: A Political Conception 1. Introduction Questions germane to issues of justice, human nature, and the political have long been part of the ongoing discourse pertinent to understanding human predicament (Barak, 2012). In modern society, there is a seeming consensus that pluralism is an integral characterization of modern democracy (Gaus, 1999; Gutmann, 1994; Lehning 1998)…
Author : ykris

Related Essays

Michael Sandel's critique of John Rawls' Theory of Justice
The paper tells that John Rawls has an exposition of Justice as Fairness. He believes that justice should be the primary virtue of social institutions and any false theory must be rejected or revised however classic or economical it might be. The same applies to unjust laws and institutions which Rawls believes should be reformed or abolished however adept or well-organized they might be. A good society should therefore be based on principles of justice. Rawls assumes that, “a society is a more or less-sufficient association of persons who in their relations to one another recognize certain...
12 pages (3012 words) Essay
Thrasymachus and Justice in Plato's Political Philosophy
Distinguished sophist of ancient Greece Thrasymachus has elucidated the term justice while entering into discussion on the same topic with great philosopher Socrates, which has been elaborated by Socrates’ renowned disciple Plato in his Republic. Book I of the Republic encompasses the debate between Thrasymachus and Socrates, where the former makes two assertions about justice. At first, he declares the notion as mere the ‘advantage of the strong over the weak’; and secondly he views justice as ‘submitting to the prevailing statutes of the state law.’ (Hourani, 111) The powerful...
6 pages (1506 words) Research Paper
Social Contract Theory by John Rawls
Social contract theory gives a suggestion of a simple first step in assessing the ethical values that human beings can use to build a just society (Freeman 44). In this case, it elaborates that, people should assume that they do not know their race, age, wealth, intelligence, and gender among other things. This paper will seek to explain, evaluate, and describe the important features of the social contract theory and determine its state of argument as well as its plausibility. Most importantly, one of the social contract theory features proposes two ethical principles. The first one puts...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
The Conception of International Justice
It was revised and translated in both 1975 and 1999 but was originally published in 1971. In this theory, Rawls tries to find a solution on the issue of distributive justice by utilization of the social contract. This theory results in the formation of another theory known as Justice as Fairness, which deals with the difference principle and liberty principle (Freeman 2007, p. 10). Justice as Fairness is John Rawls’ political conception of justice. It encompasses two main principles of Equality and Liberty (Rawls 2001, p. 73). The principle of Equality is further divided into the Difference...
7 pages (1757 words) Essay
In "A Theory of Justice", John Rawls
.no one knows his place in society, his class position or social status; nor does he know his fortune in the distribution of natural assets and abilities, his intelligence and strength, and the like” (Rawls, p. 118). The individual is then tasked with designing a society with this understanding in mind. As a means of carrying out Rawl’s veil of ignorance, this essay proposes what sorts of principles I would propose for this new society. Additionally, the essay considers what guarantees people would have, and what values would be most important to create and preserve. After considering the...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
distributive justice, position of John Rawls,Robert Nozick, Milton Friedman, James Donaldson(comparing the relationship of state
According to Rawls, distributive justice serves to ensure that all is done in a manner that guarantees equality for all; nothing should be done to damage or hurt another person. The principles of the model include that every demographic group should be offered access to the same goods and treatment as all others, where for instance, the poor receive the same healthcare services as the wealthy. Further, the advocates of this model hold that there is a need to change the outlook of our institutions, so as to ensure that they help in improving the lives of the disadvantaged within the community...
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
John Rawls - Political Liberalism - Choose 1 out of 2 suggested topics
The idea explains political liberalism in a democratic society. It is evident that, in a democratic society, each person’s world view is valid and acceptable. The confusion here is that, if each person’s opinion of the world is diverse, it is a miracle how they live in the same society, sharing common laws. The idea of public reason explains how the society is able to maintain political liberalism. It shows that the public reason plays an important role in ensuring constitutional democracy. Below is a description of the connection between public understanding and political liberalism,...
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!