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Epicurus and Hobbes Philosophies: Advocating Moral Egoism?
Pages 3 (753 words)
Name of Student Name of Professor Subject 16 May 2012 Epicurus and Hobbes Philosophies: Advocating Moral Egoism? During the early times, philosophers were so intrigued with the patterns they observe in people and society thereby causing them to come up with reasoning that explained their interpretations or personal view of the existing systems.
Thomas Hobbes believed that the best way to live life is through an absolute sovereignty in the form of a government (“Thomas Hobbes”). Having different beliefs on methods of how life must be lived, both of them thought that these methods serve the self-interest of individuals. Their philosophies therefore summarize that of a moral egoist which states that it is ethical to do actions that serve an individual’s self-interest or the common interest of a group. It is the objective of this paper to justify the lumping of these two thinkers as moral egoists in accordance to their common belief that actions must be done towards the achievement of self or group interests, and in accordance to their varying methods on how this is to be achieved. The moral egoism in Epicurus’ philosophy is better expressed in his quotes “We must then meditate on the things that make our happiness, seeing that when that is with us we have all, but when it is absent we do all to win it...” (Epicurus 84). In another statement he further emphasized “For we recognize pleasure as the first good innate in us, and from pleasure we begin every act of choice or avoidance, and to pleasure we return again, using the feeling as the standard...” (85). ...
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