Musicians, poets and actors started celebrating their black identity and demanding for equality in the society. Some of the notable Harlem Renaissance poets that excelled in creating new cultural awareness and identity include James Weldon Johnson and Langston Hughes (Reid, 2001). James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938) He was born in Florida in 1871, and studied English literature at Atlanta University. His intention of studies was to further the rights and interests of black people in the society. He wrote several poems that were refereed as the ‘Negro National Anthem’. He criticized the African American who had ignored their black roots to assimilate in White community. His poems mainly explore the need to form black racial identity and culture. In addition, he succeeded in securing leadership in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and inspired the equal rights struggles of the Southern African Americans after he took a trip to Georgia (Reid, 2001). He finally died in 1938. ‘Lift every voice and sing’ James Weldon uses this poem to strengthen the Black people in demanding for the end of racial segregation through demonstrating how past struggles against slavery and Jim Crow laws have been successful. His poem demonstrates double consciousness since he begins by asserting that ‘lift every voice’ (Weldon, 2013, L.1). He argues the African Americans to remain faithful and continue with their struggles until victory (Weldon, 2013, L.10). He demonstrates that the past slavery struggles have not been easy by asserting that ‘stony the road we trod, bitter the chastening rod’ (Weldon, 2013, L.11-12). His poem reminds the African American through ‘weary feet’ and ‘silent tears’ God has provided them with the ‘light’ and hopes African Americans will stay on the path (Weldon, 2013, L. 22-23). He cautions the Black people not to let their ‘hearts drunk with wine of the world’ and urges them to remain ‘true to native land’ (Weldon, 2013, L.33). Langston Hughes (1902-1967) Langston Hughes was born in Missouri and joined Columbia University for his higher education (Reid, 2001). The poet is one of the prolific poets during Harlem Renaissance due to his personal experience with inequality in the society. He travelled to both Europe and Africa and personally experienced the segregation in White dominated society. He often mingled his poetry work with black jazz music in order to promote the black cultural identity and self-awareness of the culture. ‘I, Too, Sing America’ Hughes demonstrates the racial segregation in this poem. The poem contains various aspects of double consciousness since it articulates the struggles that Black people face in the society. Hughes incorporates W.EB DuBoi’s beliefs of a fair society in the poem by asserting that ‘he also sings America’. The ‘I’ identifies the Black minority. He uses strong symbolism by asserting that ‘ I am the darker brother’ which translates that both White people and African Americans have the same source of humanity (Hughes, 2013,L. 1). Use of ‘They’ implies the ignorant White race. Hughes still asserts that ‘I laugh, eat well and grow strong’ meaning that Black people have their own cultural identity despite the segregation in
Harlem Renaissance poets Name: University: Abstract Harlem Renaissance refers to the period starting in 1920s when African Americans created a new cultural awareness and sense of black identity. Harlem Renaissance artists, poets, and musicians helped in highlighting the social and political segregation that African Americans were facing in the society…
During this time, Harlem was full of upper middle class white community mostly from Europe, who developed several public buildings and constructed great avenues in that area. But in the start of 20th century, Harlem became a home town for the African Americans as during the First World War, many African Americans arrived there and bought places for their residence.
The role and importance of Poet’s during the era of renaissance was to make a ripple in the cultural world. This was the moment which Black writers could utilize to awaken the artistic skills and talent hidden in them.
This was the place he was going to live with his father for the rest of the year. When the train crossed the Mississippi River, Hughes drew much inspiration from its beauty while he was actually reminded of the integral roles towards sustaining the levels of slavery in America.
It was a fight and a plea against racial discrimination. The Harlem Renaissance was part of the then called “New Negro Movement” which was largely founded by the Great Migration of colored Americans from the rural areas to the urban areas. (Harlem Renaissance (American literature and art), 2013) The Harlem renaissance is widely known for the literature of African-Americans.
The literary world was flourished by the African-American culture during the 1920s and 1930s and it was a time of great revolution in the literary world. This movement was often called as Harlem Renaissance
d with inventing terza rima, comprising of tercets woven into a associated rhyme scheme, and opted to put an end to each canto of the divine comedy with a single line that completes the rhyme scheme having a second line of the preceding tercet as the end line. On his part,
Harlem period presents such poets as Anne Bethel Spencer, who employed most of her time into composing poems that shunned racism besides exploitation rendered to African Americans. Spencer also undertook the role of spearheading black women
A number of francophone as well as African and Caribbean writers became impacted by Harlem Renaissance. This period in the American history exhibited rampant slavery among the black Americans. It was after the termination of the American civil war that most African Americans