SOCRATES AND THE MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY

SOCRATES AND THE MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY                    Essay example
Undergraduate
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 7 (1757 words)
Download 0
Instead of begging for his life through appeals to pity, Socrates tells the jury: “whatever you do, know that I shall never alter my ways, not even if I have to die many times”. Socrates is the kind of man who will die for what he thinks is right…

Introduction

Socrates is the kind of man who will die for what he thinks is right. Plato’s Apology describes Socrates’ identity and philosophy through narrating his trial. Socrates dies for his philosophy because he knows that he is doing the right thing for society, not just for himself, where his interest is simply helping others to know the truth. He does the right thing for a society that needs a “gadfly” which will stir it to constant self-assessment (Plato, n.d., p.16). In the first section of the paper, I explain Socrates’ philosophy, specifically irony, method, and ethos, and how Socrates’ statement, “The unexamined life is not worth living,” is related to these three components. In the second section, I reflect on what I think philosophy is and why it is important. Socrates’ philosophy uses irony and logical methods to promote ethos, or the character of a good man with a good life, and his philosophy helps me define philosophy as the study of general and specific problems that can help people live a good life. Socrates’ philosophy is sometimes called Socratic irony, where the irony is that when a philosopher starts with the admission of his own ignorance, he actually exposes the ignorance of others. In Apology, Socrates criticizes the Sophists for using logos without examining the ethical value and consequences of their arguments. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Philosophy
An analysis of the philosophical works of Plato and his representations of Socrates together with Marx’s Communist Manifesto informs of the ideological underpinnings of philosophy and its contribution to Western philosophy. Socrates’ died in much the same way as he lived: exuding in his philosophical logic that the body and the soul are separate entities. In Jacques-Louis David’s (1787)…
Socrates Paper Essay
Socrates is also remembered as the great torch-bearer of truthfulness, justice and equality, which are the golden principles for laying the foundations of a political and social establishment. He was an extremely brave, resolute, determined and dauntless person, who sacrificed his life rather than making any compromise or surrendering before the injustice, ignorance, corruption and mendacity at…
Philosophy: Socrates Dialogues
Plato employs the method of dialectic and discusses within a scope of ethics (Plato and Cooper 1). Socrates is accused by the court of dismissing the gods and deluding the youths. Apology is not a confession but a Socrates’ protest against his conviction. Socrates asserts that, unlike the jury men, he is going to tell the truth about his life and reason for his charges. Socrates expounds on the…
Socrates' Death
It is against this backdrop that the dikasts sentence Socrates to death by drinking a conium-laced concoction. Rebutting Socrates’ Position Socrates’ appeal that in his philosophical lectures to the youth on the nature and essence of virtue as a way of directing them to be examined, ethical life does not suffice. Calling people to examined and moral lives does not require the ignoble…
Socrates
Socrates uses himself as an example when he teaches that beauty does not guarantee happiness. True beauty is inner beauty, the beauty of one’s spirit and character. In conjunction with happiness, which was also a construct that Socrates discussed, he denotes that one cannot tell if a person is happy or not based on his external appearance, but happiness, like kindness, is a matter of inner…
Socrates Defense of Athenian Law and C.S. Lewis' critique of subjectivism
Why would Lewis insist that we interpret Plato’s Socrates in this way? Socrates was an Athenian who firmly believed that the system of the law under which the jury was acting was fair. The city of Athen’s tribunal sat to bestow justice in accordance with the city’s regulations. From the outset of his trial, Socrates declared that, “I must observe the law and make my defense” (Plato 35c).…
explain Socrates' claim that "the unexamined life is not worth living" (Apology)
Therefore, Socrates claimed that for a human being to live a worthy life, everyone should question, examine and re-examine the values of their lives daily. This paper explores the meaning and the significance of the Socrates claim that “the unexamined life is not worth living” focusing on the Apology and Euthyphro. The words, ‘the unexamined life is not worth living’ by Socrates comes from…