Instead of begging for his life through appeals to pity, Socrates tells the jury: “whatever you do, know that I shall never alter my ways, not even if I have to die many times”. Socrates is the kind of man who will die for what he thinks is right…
Socrates is the kind of man who will die for what he thinks is right. Plato’s Apology describes Socrates’ identity and philosophy through narrating his trial. Socrates dies for his philosophy because he knows that he is doing the right thing for society, not just for himself, where his interest is simply helping others to know the truth. He does the right thing for a society that needs a “gadfly” which will stir it to constant self-assessment (Plato, n.d., p.16). In the first section of the paper, I explain Socrates’ philosophy, specifically irony, method, and ethos, and how Socrates’ statement, “The unexamined life is not worth living,” is related to these three components. In the second section, I reflect on what I think philosophy is and why it is important. Socrates’ philosophy uses irony and logical methods to promote ethos, or the character of a good man with a good life, and his philosophy helps me define philosophy as the study of general and specific problems that can help people live a good life. Socrates’ philosophy is sometimes called Socratic irony, where the irony is that when a philosopher starts with the admission of his own ignorance, he actually exposes the ignorance of others. In Apology, Socrates criticizes the Sophists for using logos without examining the ethical value and consequences of their arguments. He says: “…but I know that their persuasive words almost made me forget who I was – such was the effect of them; and yet they have hardly spoken a word of truth” (Plato, n.d., p.3). He alludes to Sophists because they can be tremendously persuasive enough that some people overlook the weaknesses of their arguments. Forgetting oneself refers to forgetting one’s ability to think critically in response to the persuasive tactics of the Sophists. The verbal irony is that Socrates is not affected at all by the Sophists. Instead, the more that he talks to them, the more he exposes their ignorance through exposing the fallacies of their arguments. Socrates uses verbal irony to highlight that Sophists are not after the truth, and yet they ironically sound truthful to others who do not examine their lives anymore. Moreover, one of the greatest ironies in his philosophy is his argument on wisdom. Socrates does not claim to know everything, and yet by saying he does not know anything, he is wiser than the rest because it opens him to knowing more. He is right to compare himself to a “gadfly” because he exists for the main purpose of stirring the Greek society. He is like a gadfly that aims to stir the society which is “like a great and noble steed who is tardy in his motions owing to his very size, and requires to be stirred into life” (Plato, n.d., p.16). When the prophecy says that Socrates is the wisest of all, it does not mean that Socrates holds the most knowledge of all fields, but that he is open to learning more through his critical and inquisitive approach to learning. As a gadfly, he is ironically a small being in society in terms of wealth and social connections, and yet, he has the ability to stimulate deep philosophical questions amongst his people. Another example of irony comes from Socrates’ accusers. They accuse someone of something that they know little of. Socrates provides the example of Meletus. He says that Meletus is the “doer of evil,” wherein “the evil is that he makes a joke of a serious matter, and is too ready at bringing other men to trial from a pretended zeal and interest about matters in which he really never had the smallest interest” ...
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1). Plato’s representation of Socrates’ philosophy is credited with having perpetually influenced logic and epistemology and not only Plato’s own philosophy but the development of Western philosophy (Anagnostopoulos, 2011). Karl Marx’s philosophy as expressed in The Communist Manifesto of 1848 illustrates the development of Western philosophical thinking (Russell, 2004).
His views were seen to be taken up by his followers, some of whom were guilty of treason, profanation and tyranny. His religious opinions were perceived to challenge the traditional order, and in the popular consciousness he became associated with the decay of established morality brought about by the educational revolution of the Sophists.
Lots are cast to determine the jurors (the dikasts). As indicated by Xenophon and Plato, since the majority of dikasts voted in favor of Socrates’ conviction, the dikasts cast another vote to determine the form of punishment that is to be meted out on Socrates.
This paper will discuss Socrates’ views and the timeless wisdom he exhibited during his time. Body Socrates is most revered by people although he does not have the beauty of other thinkers. He uses this to his advantage as he comes up with humour to poke fun at his external appearance while enticing people to think deeply about his ideas1.
Socrates devoted himself to free-wheeling discussion with the aristocratic young citizens of Athens, insistently questioning their unwarranted confidence in the truth of popular opinions, even though he often offered them no clear alternative teaching. Socrates pointedly declined to accept payment for his work with students, but despite (or, perhaps, because) of this lofty disdain for material success, many of them were fanatically loyal to him.
The memorable Socrates was a famous Classical Greek philosopher who is acknowledged more eminently as the founder of Western philosophy. Socrates and the speech that he delivered at the time of his trial are alive today in its true essence in the form of Plato's version of the speech which is remembered as 'The apology'.
used with death, the terminus of life, the “end of man” is what every man should strive for and make his ultimate goal; what some might refer to as “a good life”. But what is a good life? This is what Socrates implores us to ask when he implies that we have to examine
Cratylus believes that the form and the meaning of a word are inseparable while Hermogenes, on the other hand, refuses to maintain a relationship between a name’s form and meaning Hoenisch (2005). Socrates, after
Euthyphro, on the other hand, takes the side of teacher and explains to Socrates the meaning of piety. In his attempts to define piety as requested by Socrates, Euthyphro committed the following 3 mistakes or logical fallacies.
To begin with, in his
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