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To what extent should a modern, Capitalist society be organised according to individualist : rather than collectivist : valu - Essay Example

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To what extent should a modern, Capitalist society be organised according to individualist : rather than collectivist : valu

These could be in terms of the prevailing economic condition like poverty levels and educational advantage or disadvantage which influence the opportunities of such an individual. Poverty means a state in which a person is not in possession and ownership of a certain amount of possession or money, which he or she can use to cater for his or her needs (Haugen and Box, 2006, p3). Poverty state implies a state in which people in a society do not have enough materials to meet their basic needs and to lead a quality life in the place of the society they live (Lister, 2004, p7). Some scholars describe poverty as the measure of inequality in distribution of resources in the society within the society where a group has higher opportunities and access to the economic resources than others, who have less than enough. The unequal access to the different resources may be in terms of food, water, clothing and other means of production that can help a person to secure his or her needs (Wagner, 2008, p21). Poverty has two main categories that distinguish people in the society, and which generally apply to different people in the world as well as in a specific context. In one of the categories, a person can identify people who are in poverty from within a context or out of the context in which they are staying. Relative poverty is one of the categories of poverty that imply that a person within a specific context has limited access to opportunities in the society as compared to other people in the society (Espejo, 2012, p43). A person who is relatively poor in one society may not be poor from parameters of a different society in which he does not live. For example, a poor person in a developed country in Europe may not fall in a similar class with a poor person within a developing country in Africa. For instance, for a person who is in a lower class in Britain where he earns some amount of money, though not as much as other people in the same society may not be compared with another person who lacks opportunities in Mali in Africa. This difference prevails because an opportunity in Britain can yield higher economic returns than another opportunity in Mali where poverty is high and the money is required in different sectors of life (Haugen and Box, 2006, p15). On the other hand, a person can be destitute or in absolute poverty whereby he or she lacks the basic needs, which are food, water, clothes, sanitation, health and access to education. In this respect, such a person is poor even if he moves from one state or society to another because he or she lacks the potentials to exploit the opportunities in their or other societies. For instance, a destitute person from Germany, which is a developed country, who is lacking the access to the different opportunities in the economy, is similar to an aborigine in Australia who has no access to opportunities in his or her environment. Absolute poverty implies that the definition given to a condition in an individual is similar regardless of the context of the definition and the person who is defining them because the characteristics of the person are not variable (Crane and ...Show more


Poverty and Educational Disadvantage In different situations in the world, quality of life of an individual influences the different aspects of his or her life and minimises the capability of the people involved. In order to facilitate different activities of people in the world, enhancing their potentials and giving them the most required chances to exploit the environment to attain what they need is inevitable…
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To what extent should a modern, Capitalist society be organised according to individualist : rather than collectivist : valu essay example
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