Philosophy Essays By Number Human Diversity and Justice Institution Date Section A: Question 1 According to Marquis (1989) abortion is immoral for two reasons: it deprives the victim of a future and it involves the infliction of pain and suffering on the victim…
Marquis (1989) draws analysis to the AIDS victim who suddenly confronts the prospect of an early death. This prospect must naturally come with a degree of regret and obvious fear and distress as the AIDS victim can clearly appreciate that with his life imminently cut short, he or she will not be able to continue to enjoy life’s experiences and will be deprived of a future life (Marquis, 1989). Marquis (1989) also argues that the deprivation of a future life is also relevant to children and infants. According to Marquis (1989) no one will disagree that it is morally wrong to deliberately take the life of an infant regardless of how valuable his or her future may be perceived so early in post-natal life. Even if one considers the morality of deliberately inflicting pain and suffering on animals, we come back to the conclusion that the deliberate infliction of pain and suffering on animals or non-humans with the ability to feel is morally wrong. Thus based on the assumption that killing deprives the individual of his or her future and intentionally inflicts pain and suffering on the victim substantiates the claim that abortion is immoral. ...
However, human beings do intentionally kill animals and thus inflict pain and suffering on animals. Yet the morality of the killing of animals for food and for accessories is hardly a huge subject of morality debates. It therefore follows that in making a case for the immorality of abortion, comparing the fetus with the deliberate infliction of pain and suffering on animals does not help to advance Marquis’s (1989) morality argument. Moreover, if Marquis (1989) accepts that killing is immoral because it deprives the individual of the continuation of his or her life and the value of a future life, it is necessary to consider whether or not the fetus is knowingly experiencing life and has a desire to continue to experience life. The problem with Marquis (1989) argument is that he invites the reader to disregard the perceptions and values of third parties and to examine the position of the victim alone. By taking this approach, it is difficulty to come to the conclusion that a fetus in the very early stages of pregnancy has any real life experiences. It is even more difficult to come to the conclusion that the fetus at an early stage of pregnancy has any real appreciation for the continuation of his/her life’s experiences or for the acquisition of future life experiences. Section A: Question 2 Judith Jarvis Thomson (1971) challenges the popular anti-abortion argument that abortion is wrong without exception because the fetus is a human being from the moment of conception. As such, the fetus always enjoys the right to life which is superior to the expectant mother’s right to privacy and to her own person. Thomson (1971) argues that even if it is accepted that the ...
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