One of the major health risks comes from radioactive forms of iodine element, which could be taken up by the thyroid gland, consequently causing cancers as well as other incapacitating illnesses (Robbins & Schneider, 2003). Potassium Iodide (KI) is a vital component of any emergency preparedness kit and is typically aimed at survival after the occurrence of a radiological or nuclear event. Potassium iodide provides stable iodine which serves to counteract the effects of radioactive iodine. Radioactive iodine is essentially a by-product of a nuclear accident or a nuclear attack (Santen et al., 2003). The human body needs iodine for the purpose of creating as well as regulating thyroid hormones. Upon the entry of the radioactive version of the salt into the air or when it pollutes food, the thyroid gland will absorb the poisonous and dangerous chemical, and this will lead to contamination internally. Potassium iodide contains stable iodide which could stop the absorption of radioactive iodine even for the period of a nuclear event or radiological event. It is noteworthy that the thyroid gland will become filled with stable iodine and it would not be able to process more salt for twenty-four hours. Whist table salt also has iodine; it does not offer an adequate dose that would help in blocking the absorption of radioactive iodine (Likhtarev et al., 2002). ...
While the chemical serves to buffer the thyroid gland against poisoning, other body parts remain vulnerable to harm and injury. Radioactive iodine is just 1 of many particles and chemicals emitted into the air and food after a nuclear accident. Even though KI is certainly helpful, people must take caution and incorporate other medications and supplements in their emergency preparedness kits that are aimed at other health concerns. It is also notable that following the damage of the thyroid gland by radioactive iodine, KI is not able to reverse the damage (Santen et al., 2003). In spite of the increased levels of radioiodines that were detected in Poland following the nuclear disaster at Chernobyl in 1986, there were no further occurrences of thyroid illnesses in that region. This is primarily because the government of Poland dispensed roughly 18 million dosages of potassium iodide medicines in a manner that was well-timed, with virtually no adverse or serious effects on health (Santen et al., 2003). Timing of the distribution of potassium iodide is essential since if administration of KI is held-up by just 4 hours following the exposure to radioiodines, its efficiency and success is cut by ?. This reality has major policy connotations as it implies that local governments need to store the drug within the local community instead of relying on the national/federal or regional stocks that may take days before reaching the affected populace. Iodine131 has a half life of just 8 hours, and this means that the time required by people for protection is somehow narrow (Kulinowski, 2011). After a nuclear accident, the merits of KI far outweigh any risks involved. The familiar side
The only potential causes of large radioiodine emissions into the air is a disastrous accident within an operating nuclear reactor.In case of a nuclear event,detrimental and poisonous radioactive materials could be emitted into the environment…
He places a bottle that is turned upside down in a water bath so as to trap some air. A burning candle was placed inside the bottle that reacts with oxygen. Rutherford concluded that the remaining gas was nitrogen. Nitrogen comes from nitro and gen that means niter-forming.
Thyroid gland produces a hormone called thyroxine, which has four iodine molecules attached to its molecular structure. Together with other thyroid hormones, thyroxine helps the body control metabolism and regulates growth. When thyroxine levels are high the patient experiences increased metabolic rate hence affecting their physical appearance and moods (Medicalnewstoday.com, 2009).
In order to attain this, substances are dispersed from ground generators or planes into the air to act as ice nuclei or cloud condensers. Their function is to change the microphysical process within the mass of cloud. This technology is gaining a widespread application globally and its practical uses are fog removal, lighting suppression, causing precipitation in form of rainfall, preventing hailstorms and hurricane control.
Nuclear rays result from the nucleus of an atom because of a radioactive decay. Radioactive emissions occur because of nuclear fusions, implying decay when two nuclei combine or when a large nucleus breaks.
Isotopes can be used in various ways in the various fields discussed above. They are generally helpful because of their emission properties. Isotopes with short half life decay and emit various radiations such as beta emissions which can be detected by various means.
climate change atmospheric particle formation, ozone layer depletion, acid deposition, eutrophication, photo-oxidation, trace elements and persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The flux rates of the trace gases from the coastal waters to the air are much higher than the rates
So according to a standard definition; isotopes are nuclides of a single element that have different atomic weight. The term ‘isotope’ meaning ‘same place’ was coined by Fredrick Soddy. (Criss 4). Isotopes can be further classified as either stable or radioactive
The author states that basing on the results the most likely bacteria were: for the unknown A, was Klebsiella pneumoniae which is a typical rod shaped bacterium, a Gram-negative, lactose fermenting, facultative anaerobic. For the unknown B: It was likely to be Salmonella Typhimurium bacteria which is a typical nonspore-forming rods.