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Wind energy: Wind turbines in United States - Essay Example

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Wind energy: Wind turbines in United States

The world is increasingly becoming dependent on energy, creating the need for people to search for alternative sources of energy. The US is the largest consumer of energy in the world, majority of which comes from oil and natural gas. The impact of fossil fuels on the environment has made the country to advocate for cleaner sources of energy, which include wind energy. Wind energy is produced in wind farms, which contain several or hundreds of wind turbines. This paper focuses on wind energy in the United States specifically about wind turbines, location of wind farms and power production statistics. Production Statistics Production of wind energy is solely dependent on wind turbines. A wind turbine consists of a dynamo that is mounted on wind-propelled turbines. The size of the blades and mounted generator determines the scale of production. Production of wind energy depends on the efficiency of converting wind’s kinetic energy into electric energy. From the energy equation E = ? mv2, it is evident that production of energy is dependent on the speed of the turbine. Thus, the speed of the turbine determines the rate of energy production. ...
Wind energy has been use since the Middle Ages. However, the need for alternative sources of energy has increased the production capacity tremendously. In 2011, the US energy Department released an energy report that indicated a strong growth in the production and consumption of wind energy. Production of wind energy in the US has increased its effort to promote the use of clean energy while creating thousands of jobs. According to the 2011 Wind Technology Market Report, wind power contributes about 32% to the national grid, which account to $14 billion return on investment (Energy.gov web). The report also indicated that wind production in the US has increased dramatically. Increased research in material science has also led to the creation of long lasting materials for the construction of turbines. The report also indicated that nearly 70% of the equipment installed at U.S. wind farms such as wind turbines and components like gears, blades, and generators are manufactured locally. According to the report, the industry produces about 47,000 megawatts of electricity, which is fed into the national grid (Energy.gov web). The figure does not account for domestic and small-scale production, which has increased tremendously. In addition, 6,800 megawatts were produced from new installations constructed in 2011. The main wind farms are located in Wisconsin, Virginia, Alabama, Nevada, Colorado, and Connecticut. The six states produce about 10% of the total electricity requirement in the US (Energy.gov web). Currently, the wind sector is a major employer providing employment to about 75, 000 Americans (Energy.gov web). This figure includes workers in the manufacturing sector, supply chain, and engineering and construction workers who maintains and operate the ...Show more

Summary

Production of wind power involves conversion of wind energy into more useful form of energy such as electric and mechanical energies. On the other hand, wing energy is the kinetic energy that is posed by moving air or wind. …
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Wind energy: Wind turbines in United States essay example
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