It can refer to either the encoded objects or the resulting image. A holographic image can be viewed shinning a laser via a hologram and projecting the reflection onto a display or by looking into a lit-up holographic print. A hologram appears to be an indefinable pattern of whorls and stripes, but, once shone on by a coherent light such as by a laser beam, it configures the light into a three-dimensional image of the primary object (Hannes & Michael, 2008).
Holography is founded on the principle of interference, whereby, the inference pattern between two or more rays of a coherent light, that is a laser light, is captured by a hologram. Here, a single ray is illuminated directly on the recording mean and operate as a reference to the light dispersed from the lit-up scene. Hence, the hologram captures a beam as it interests the entire part of film, which explains its description as a window with memory. A holographic film physical medium is quite photosensitive that includes a fine grains structure. Some of the most used materials include dichromate gelatins, photopolymers and silver-halide emulsions and all have varying characteristics and entail dissimilar processing (Hannes & Michael, 2008).
A hologram is the documented interference pattern of constructive, intensity peaks, and destructive, elimination, of the covered-up light wave fronts known as the electromagnetic field. With a coherent light source and a definite geometry or a short pulse period, the interference pattern is at a stands till and, hence, can be recorded into the hologram’s photosensitive suspension. Afterwards, the hologram is chemically developed to a point where the suspension acquires a modulated density, which freezes the inference pattern into fringes. When observing the modulated structure under a microscope, it appears different in comparison to the image encoded within. The density fringes are a scattered pattern of wave front