Globalisation Theories - Essay Example

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Globalisation Theories

This equates to almost 175 million people; yet between 1990 and 2000 there was a 14% increased in the number of migrants globally. Of this figure 9% are refugees and 60% of them live are found in developing nations. (UN Population, 2002). Despite the more fluid borders and increased globalisation being felt worldwide these figures demonstrate that this mobility is reserved for the few, not the majority, at least with respect to relocation to more prosperous nations. Klein (2002: p. xxii) in support of this notion added "most of globalization's fenced-out people simply move: from countryside to city, from country to country. And that's when they come face to face with distinctly unvirtual fences, made of chain link and razor wire, reinforced with concrete and guarded with machine guns."
In effect, increased globalisation has encouraged the open economy and free movement of trade while maintaining a closed door policy to the globalisation of human capital across national borders in the western industrialized nations. Instead, globalisation is viewed in a one way fashion. Increased industrialization of developing and third world countries were technologically advanced nations can benefit from the cheaper labour pool, the natural resources of the host country and the desperation of the host countries for an infusion of capital without the reciprocal movement of human capital movement to the west. Klein (2002: pp. ...
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Summary

According to Inda and Rosaldo (2002 as cited in Cunningham, 2004) globalisation can be defined as "to the intensification of global interconnectedness, suggesting a world full of movement and mixture, contact and linkages, and persistent cultural interaction and exchange…
Author : nwolff

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