Following the launch of the euro as EU's common currency, the EU found it necessary to shift its attention to the East. The decision to enlarge EU membership to Eastern European countries was finalized in 2002 and its first phase would have been carried out between 2004 and 2006. Here, EU negotiates what analysts perceive as a bumpy road.
belonged to the former communist bloc which just emerged from half a century of Soviet domination. Throughout this long period, they operated on a planned economy and it is only now that they are moving in unison towards a market economy. As a lingering effect of a less efficient economic system, their incomes are much lower than those of existing EU members. This poses a problem to the process of harmonizing the entry of these countries into EU.
EU enlargement to Eastern Europe will boost the European common market from 320 million people to about 470 million. Unlike Switzerland, Norway and Iceland which joined only EU's free trade area, the Eastern European countries need to be full EU members or they will not enjoy the promised benefits. This entails huge costs on the part of the new members.
Eastern Europe is a low-income region of about 100 million people whose combined income will raise the GDP of EU by a mere 5 per cent. ...Show more
When the European Union enlarged its membership southward to cover such countries as Greece, Portugal and Spain in the 1980s it altered EU's economic geography and budgetary structure some but the process was smooth and painless overall. These new partners, although struggling with their incomes, had more or less the same economic structures as most of the old EU members…
The expectation of the European Union council is that expansion phases bring prosperity to the new member countries as well as the EU overall, but the steady process of integration is not one that has been met without criticism. Arguments are brought forth against it, based on the conditions required to allow membership, economic implications for current members and the political cost of doing so, all in the short term as well as the long-term.
The increase of the number of member states, through a series of enlargement processes, gave to the Union the power required in order to intervene drastically in conflicts and negotiations developed in the international community. However, the effective completion of these enlargements required the introduction of differentiations in the Union’s politics and policy processes.
The EU is built with a series of treaties made with its different member states. Historically, the EU was formed to promote peace and economic prosperity especially in Europe after the occurrence of World War II. Since the beginning of the 1950s, the integration of Europe has significantly augmented to entail conducting various financial activities like developing a single market in which goods, capital and people moves freely, a common trade policy, an ordinary agriculture policy, environmental policy and common currency (Euro) which is being used by 17 member states (Archick, 2013).
Marain (2003:2) during policy analysis of EU enlargement found that the countries becoming the member states are entitled to have numerous benefits which includes removal of barriers from trade, investment and movement of labor, exchange of technological ideas, improvement in competition with foreign markets, corporate accountability, improved CEEC's as a destination of foreign investment, cheaper consumer goods, etc.1 But it had some drawbacks as well.
Besides, the 2010th may be a timeline for further enlargement as Ukraine, Turkey and former Yugoslavia republics (Serbia and Montenegro, Macedonia and Bosnia and Herzegovina) are also standing in queue (Archick, 2005).
Historically, each stage if EU enlargement used to cause the "displacement of powers" on the continent.
Secondly structural constraints associated with enlargement have forced the member countries to adopt more flexible ways of adjustment. The rapid expansion of the EU in the recent years after the collapse of the former Soviet bloc has created a series of problems.
The background to enlargement is explained in the first section. The reasons for supporting this policy position are explained in the next section. The recommendations for the future course of action for the EC are given in the last section.
2.1 The European Union started as a six nation economic community in 1958.
According to the report the background to enlargement is explained in the first section. The reasons for supporting this policy position are explained in the next section. The recommendations for the future course of action for the EC are given in the last section. The European Union started as a six nation economic community in 1958.
The European Union has been expanding constantly since the early 1970s with each round of enlargement being unique and dynamic politically and economically. The European Union easily welcomes any European state that is deemed to be democratic, has a market economy, and has an administrative capacity to handle obligations and rights of theirs membership.
8 pages (2000 words)Essay
Get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Didn't find an essay?
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org