. . Each seems called by some secret design of Providence one day to hold in its hands the destinies of half the world"1. It would appear; therefore, that history has destined these two nations to be at each other until a final and decisive victory is achieved by one over the other. But that time has not yet arrived, even though the cold war was declared to have been ended on December 3, 1989 at the conclusion of the Malta summit between George Bush Sr. and Mikhail Gorbachev. The involvement of America and Russia in the Arab-Israeli conflict is considered by many as 'part and parcel' of the cold war and being fought in the Middle East theater. We discuss as to what extent this line of argument is a sufficient explanation of 'the super powers' involvement in the conflict.
With the withdrawal of the colonial powers, Britain and France, from the Middle East after WW II, there was a virtual political vacuum in the region. By 1948 Soviet Union had consolidated its hegemony over Eastern Europe. The 'Truman doctrine' put a rein to its further 'expansion' into Greece or Turkey. But along with consolidating its domination over the East European nations, Soviet Union was busy trying to build and expand its influence among the 'Islamic' nations to its south. The 'war-weary' Britain and France left it to the US to counter the Soviet influence2. Israel has been the 'natural ally' of US for this purpose. ...Show more