We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

European Coal and Steel Community - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The surrender of the German force to the Allied powers in the West Europe and to the Russians in the east on May 8, 1945 was celebrated by the world. This has been the momentous end of the European phase of the war so that May 8 is celebrated as the VE Day - Victory Day in Europe…
Download paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
European Coal and Steel Community
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
European Coal and Steel Community

There was a dire need to build what was ruined and Europe has the choice whether to pursue this as an integrated region or as individual countries. As to the integration, there were two political and economic models invented at that time - the long history of nation building wherein economic integration follows political unification and the model of Zolverrein where political unification follows economic integration (Lecture, Topic 2: From Post War Reconstruction to the European Coal and Steel Community)
One of the aftermath of World War II is the European Coal and Steel Community, a moved that strengthened both the economic and political ties of the surviving European countries. "The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty was signed in Paris in 1951" (Europa.eu). It involved the Benelux countries of Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands together with West Germany, France and Italy. Its goal was to "organize a free movement of coal and free access to sources of production" (Europa.eu). One of the unique aspect of the integration was the establishment of a common High Authority which supervised the market including the competition rules and price transparency. The ECSC Treaty became the "origin of the institutions as we know them today" (Europa.eu).
The ECSC was the first community organization that was created as an aftermath of the 2nd World War. The devastation brought by the war needed economic reconstruction of the European continent and attaint lasting peace. Since coal and steel were the basic industry of the two countries France and Germany, "the idea of pooling Franco-German coal and steel production came about" (Europa.eu). Thus the the European Coal and Steel Community was formed. Obviously, the war has made both countries realized that a truce between them would help establish both their political and economic health. Thus the strong necessity for a truce led to the acceptance of a the necessity to submit some elements of their sovereignty to a Higher Authority. "The underlying political objective was to strengthen Franco-German solidarity, banish the spectre of war and open the way to European integration" (Europa.eu).
The Creation of the European Coal and Steel Community
The idea of an integrated coal and steel industry was first toyed by Jean Monnet, the head of the French Commissariat du Plan for the reconstruction of the French economy, and the French foreign minister, Robert Schuman. On May 1950, Monnet and Schuman "published a declaration calling for a new structure to control the resurgent heavy industries in France and Germany" (Renner).
The idea that Monnet and Schuman conveyed in the declaration necessitated a new institution that "have a political life independent of the existing governments - at least for the range of powers which a capitalist state at that time exercised over its coal and steel industry" (Renner). The idea developed by Monnet and Schuman envisioned new institutions that should The Schuman Plan was not aloof of power politics, as observers at the time noted (Parker 1952). Their proposal was not a conventional international organization which are usually led by committees of ministers. According to Jean Monnet in his Mmoirs, it was the second-best indirect solution after the attempt to promote direct routes aimed to eliminate risk of ... Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“European Coal and Steel Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/politics/276587-european-coal-and-steel-community
(European Coal and Steel Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
https://studentshare.net/politics/276587-european-coal-and-steel-community.
“European Coal and Steel Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/276587-european-coal-and-steel-community.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
European Union Law - Institutional Balance
The European Union is a regional integration of several nations established for the common economic and political interests of its members, now numbering twenty seven. The idea of a union came when the Second World War ended and there were moves to dismantle the intense sense of nationalism then inherent in each individual.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
European Law
An analysis of the development of European integration - from the establishment of European Economic Community in 1957 through the creation of the European Union in 1993 and later, expanding in nature and scope, reveals the role and significance of many community institutions and organisations in shaping and strengthening the contours of integration - of particular significance is the role of European Court of Justice.2
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
European Studies
The largest island in the continent is Great Britain, just off its northwest coast. The most northerly areas lie in the cold, snowy wilderness above the Arctic Circle. From here, the great arm of Scandinavia curves south around the Baltic Sea. Geographically, Europe is indeed divided into several parts as per noted through the map of the different areas that are separated by mountains and seas within the territories of Europe.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
History of the European Union
Setting the wheels going for such vision was the European Coal and Steel Community. Inspired by Jean Monnet, the French diplomat who envisioned the creation of a "Federal Europe" united along supranational lines and the acknowledged father of European Integration, Robert Schuman, the former French Foreign Minister, proposed that France and Germany, and other interested parties to combine their coal and steel resources.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
European Union Creation
Since then it has experienced many changes. The EU consists of common project and policies controlled by member nations. World War 2 was a watershed in the history of Europe.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Discuss the relationship between the different European institutions. How have they evolved over time
Long back in 1950 when the European Coal and Steel Community was created then it became the first institutions within the European Union. European Economic Community and Euratom through the Merger Treaty later
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Political Economy of the European Union
lation of 500 million citizens, the EU collectively generates an approximated 30% share of the global nominal gross domestic product with US$16.8 trillion in 2007. The EU has formulated a “single market” by means of a standardized system of laws applicable in all member
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
1.Describe in detail the historical evolution of the European Union from its earliest post-War beginnings under the Schuman Plan and the European Coal & Steel Community
European integration was initiated in 1950 through the Schumann Plan, which established The European Coal and Steel Community
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
The European Union
Many attempts to create an international system where wars and conflicts could be controlled or completely eliminated were made. It was at this time that the first successful inter war organization
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Treaty on European Union
The founding states of the European Union were Germany, France, Italy, Netherlands and Luxembourg. Over the years, the EU has grown, in size and also in terms of the
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic European Coal and Steel Community for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us