Countries,big and small alike,have internal domestic policies.Concurrently,they also have foreign policies.These policies are bases of the values and interests that are crucial in guiding how these particular governments act or behave with regards to certain international issues…
Countries, big and small alike, have internal domestic policies. Concurrently, they also have foreign policies. These policies are bases of the values and interests that are crucial in guiding how these particular governments act or behave with regards to certain international issues. Policy, here referring to a certain course of actionAccording to Feigert, Graebner, Papademetriou, Mangone, Ransom, Wilson, Wolfe, Piper & Terchek, foreign policy is the foreign component of public policy. (1983) Simply defined, public policy is the choice or the stance that particular governments adopt with regards to certain issues in country. (Dye, 1972) That said, while public policy is concerned with the domestic issues and policies to be implemented within (inside) state borders, foreign policy on its part is concerned with policies that are to be implemented without (outside) the countries borders. (Feigert, et al, 1983) Foreign policy plainly put is the policy that is formulated and adopted by state governments for the purposes of governing its relations with other countries in the international arena. The most important thing to note about foreign policy is that it is primarily concerned with state interests. State interest could be in either, political, military and/or economic terms. The reason why a country would like to implement certain policies with regards to other countries has to do with what it stands to gain more than anything else. Shah (2001) posits that every nation/country is in possession of a foreign policy. The reason why foreign policy is important is because it ensures that the needs of the nations/countries are represented in the international community. During the cold war countries mostly used foreign policies as a way of furthering their national interests and agendas. In the course of furthering these agendas, the interests held dear by other nations in the international community did not matter much and were disregarded. In most cases this often led to resentment between different countries with different issues to push forth. (Shah, 2001)
The conduct of foreign policy then involves balancing between substitute policies and their perceived costs and benefits. (Feigert, et al, 1983) At the end of the day, countries more often than not, adopt the policies that are most favorable to them and are in sync with what they may want to achieve (national interest). It could be security needs or economic growth. (Shah, 2001) Traditionally, the conduct of foreign policy has often been the duty of the national governments. Nonetheless, other actors within the state realm are involved in the conduct and formulation of foreign policy. These are the smaller regional states and provinces within a nation/country. For this reason, there is always advocacy and lobbying for the type of issues and interests that should be part of foreign policy and which respective government should focus on. This way these state actors are able to influence foreign policy decisions. Despite this, some governments wield such immense powers such that they lock out these state actors such as regional states and provinces out of the formulation and consequent conduct of foreign policy. Take the case of India for example. As per the Indian constitution, the central federal government, the executive, is granted all the powers in the land necessary for the conduct of both domestic and foreign policies. Still, even though these actors are given lesser powers, but powers nonetheless by the Indian Constitution, the regional states in India have little or no autonomy. The consequence of this is that their roles are usurped and the central government makes all the crucial decisions with regards to foreign policy. (Dossani & Vijaykumar, 2005)
As countries conduct foreign policy they involve themselves in such activities as diplomacy, negotiations, bargaining, cooperation or even coercion, bullying, lying and intimidation. Depending on what their interests are at the end of the d ...
Cite this document
(“International relations - foreign policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/politics/276673-international-relations-foreign-policy
(International Relations - Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“International Relations - Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/276673-international-relations-foreign-policy.
Therefore, freedom can influence the American policies, by enabling the country to intervene in other countries where freedom of the people is in jeopardy. This often leads to US-led military action against dictatorial governments across the world, if diplomacy fails to guarantee the masses of their freedom.
Historically, Colombia foreign policy has allied itself to countries that differ ideologically with the United States such as Cuba. Randall (143) argues that such associations are motivated by strategic goals, especially diversifying and expanding its trade rather than ideological interests.
It governs the concept of how countries behave with one another in general and the reasons they have for such behavior. International relations theories aim to explain this phenomenon by devising frameworks that illustrate how countries behave with one another, how they should behave, what effects it has upon the economic system, and how different countries can seek to survive in the international arena (Dougherty and Pfaltzgeraff, 2001, pp.
The Progressive Era of the United States was the reflection of ambitious restoration of the reformers. Their reforms focused on the government, democracy, opportunities to the immigrants, students and the poor and economic stability. The reforms came with consequences that opposed the Progressive state the country was aiming for during that time.
Critics have expressed varying opinions about the causes and impact of the war, and the consequences it caused. The war involved three regions namely, the Arab world, America and European. The onset if the Iraq war in 2003 resulted after the surging threat of nuclear weapons in Iraq.
The author states that many contemporary scholars have tried to explain how international affairs are conducted and what foreign policies should be concerned with, but their views are very divergent and a policy maker has to decide the guiding theory or view. Three main competing paradigms: realism, liberalism and constructivism have different strands.
Since the Clinton administration, the US government has taken a hard line against the North Korean nuclear capability. The US was not working to persuade North Korea to become democratic or hold free elections. In addition, there have been few credible attempts to bring North Korea out of isolation, with the exception of South Korea's unification policies.
es for a certain group or person and the establishment of enabling environment; or the lack of lived situations of coercion, for example political coercion in the United States society. Whereas political liberty is usually misunderstood to mean the liberty from irrational
However, the past decade has reported stronger ties between these two nations owing to China’s explosive economic growth. This state of affairs has implications on Australia’s foreign policy alignments and its association with other
The study of international relations holds the thought that no single jurisdiction can operate independent from others, thus countries and nations must interact. The study of international relations necessitates the learner to take a focus on other areas such as social sciences and humanities.
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic International relations - foreign policy for FREE!