This essay discusses that the world saw the break-up of the erstwhile Soviet Union. More and more countries that broke away from the Soviet Union led Eastern Bloc, joined Europe and applied for permanent membership with the Union. There was a lot of debate on whether Marxism had lost out…
It is worthwhile to take a look at the above definitions and examine whether International Relations truly reflect the emotions and desires of the people of the erstwhile Soviet-bloc. It could help to understand the principles of Realism, Marxism, Liberalism, and Constructivism, the major international relations theories to substantiate this study. Equality was what it preached. No doubt, the business class had to share its spoils with the working class, but on the whole, Marxism sought to suppress the feudal system of class discrimination. Realism was more State oriented. It chose to look at national interests more than others. Security and power is their aim. Despite the fall of the cold war, America is seen as the global policeman. Despite rising poverty and unemployment at home, America is more preoccupied with interests elsewhere. Liberalism is what the younger generation craves for. Independence and basic needs and wants are their vision. In the light of the revelation, it has become clear that the critical theory of International Relations is a jig-saw puzzle indeed. In the words of the Mahatma: “Interdependence is and ought to be as much the ideal of man as self-sufficiency. Man is a social being. Without interrelation with society, he cannot realize his oneness with the universe or suppress his egotism. His social interdependence enables him to test his faith and to prove himself on the touchstone of reality” Mahatma Gandhi, 1929, sums up the real thoughts of our young couple at Trafalgar Square....
There are two schools of thought, one looks to strengthened international law and international organizations to preserve peace; the other emphasizes that nations will always use their power to achieve goals and sees the key to peace in a balance of power among competing states. (R. Aron, H. J. Morgenthau, F. S. Northedge, and M. J. Grieve, www.answers.com/topic/international-relations)
In other words, International Relations are the relationship between people of different races and divide. The world order is changing. Technology has brought people much closer. There is a general consensus that mankind is one and that this world is for all to share it equally. So what was it that attracted the majority of communist nations turn to the Liberals and Realists
In the context, it is worthwhile to take a look at the above definitions and examine whether International Relations truly reflect the emotions and desires of the people of the erstwhile Soviet-bloc. It could help to understand the principles of Realism, Marxism, Liberalism, and Constructivism, the major international relations theories to substantiate this study.
Realism is commonly defined as a concern for fact or reality and rejection of the impractical and visionary. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Realism#Realism_in_international_relations) Realists believe that hard power, a concept used in realism, refers to national power through military and economic means. This holds true with the foreign policy advocated by the United States. Realism focused on States and national interest. In a speech before his nation launched an offensive against Afghanistan, President Bush said, "We are supported by the collective will of the ...
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The paper is also interested in exploring whether or not both the two above-mentioned perspectives present a credible and explicit account of the international politics as well as the challenges faced by the sovereign states. The paper is also determined to discover which of the two perspectives appears to be more effective and influential one in respect of elucidating the political transformations being made at the global stage during the present era.
The Marxist approach to international relations encompass both traditional Marxist and Neo –Marxist positivist paradigms which do not support the realist view of state conflicts and emphasises on the economic aspects of society with the social class as central to Marxist interpretations of society.
Has globalisation started the process of promoting a single common world culture? Has globalisation led to inequality of nations and has it widened or closed the gap between the developing and developed economies? These questions help us to provide adequate understanding of the process of globalisation.
t and neo-Marxist ideas as well as post colonial and feminist approaches to provide contrasting views to realism and liberalism from ontological perspectives. The Marxist approach to international relations encompass both traditional Marxist and Neo –Marxist positivist
relationship between nation states but also encompasses various issues of politics, economics, national security, human rights, law and other disciplines. Human rights have been one of the major factors of decision makings in the international relations among states. This
ng, such critical approach would account for the complex manners by which material relations, ideas, and institutions altogether impact ‘world order’. This critical theory is developed to contradict the basic propositions of realism and thus liberate from the traditional
Joseph (1999) defines international relations as the study of the forms of relations that exist among nations within the international political system. The outbreak of the First World War and increasing complexity of contracts among
it is a branch of science that deals with developments and interactions affecting the lives of people in different countries across national borders. The academic approach is rather theoretical as evident by the day to day misunderstandings and social approach on humanity.
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