People and states get more and more freedom in choosing their behaviour and the way of life in general, however everyone should understand that such freedom involves certain responsibilities.
Overall, Americans view globalization "as having a mixture of positive and negative elements, with the positive elements outweighing the negative ones. Positive responses to globalization vary from a plurality or small majority to a large majority depending on how globalization is defined in a given question"1.
An October 2005 poll by the German Marshall Fund simply asked "whether respondents have a favorable or unfavorable view of globalization. A plurality of 46% said they had a favorable view, while 36% said they had an unfavorable view. It is worth noting though that those who had a very unfavorable view (15%) were significantly greater than those who had a very favorable view (7%)"2. In PIPA's January 2004 poll, respondents "were given a very broad definition of globalization that included economics, communication, travel and culture. Then they were asked to rate globalization using a scale with zero being completely negative, ten being completely positive and five being equally positive and negative. The average response was 5.62, down a bit from when PIPA asked this question in October 1999 and found a mean response of 6.04"3.
In 2004 "40% rated globalization above 5, while just 19% rated ...
According to a typical definition, "globalization is "the intensification of economic, political, social and cultural relations across borders" (Holm and Sorensen, 1995). Speaking about the bases of this phenomenon it is possible to note that some features of modern globalization have a long history. Roots of this process are in the epoch when becoming of colonial empires has laid the foundation of the first bases of the international economic relations in this millennium. However the modern international economic relations underlying globalization essentially differ from those that have been generated from the beginning of an epoch of Great geographical discoveries and foundation of colonial empires. However today developed countries use former colonies as a source of raw material and labor, frequently bringing out there their hi-tech manufacture.
The other important feature of process of globalization consists in internationalization of not so much barter, but more production processes. Here it is necessary to mention about such a child of globalization as transnational corporations. Transnational corporations "have become central actors of the world economy and, in linking foreign direct investment, trade, technology and finance, they are a driving force of economic growth" (Chen, 1994). Present international trade in many respects realizes processes of cooperation and barter, proceeding inside of one transnational corporation, for example, between branches or daughter enterprises, which are located in different parts of the world, or with other transnational corporations.
Now it is necessary to consider one of major features of globalization of economic. It is a rapid development of the