Richard Nuestadt once claimed, “we have not so much a government of separated powers as a government of separated institutions sharing powers” (qtd Hendrick (1988) p. 15). Since George Washington first stepped into office American presidents have had to pass their initiatives through Congress. The high hopes Presidents have when they come to office can quickly be smashed by a majority of the opposing party in either house. As a result of this, Presidents have to use various means to help them in their quest for passing bills through Congress. One of the most prominent of these is going public on issues of great importance, such as passing a budget or reforming an important area of government. In addition, Samuel Kernel believes that this public leadership strategy has become even more of a necessity in an era where members of Congress act as “free agents, ignoring traditional institutional arrangements in favor of public pressure from constituents and interest groups” (qtd in Mathew Corrigan) Bargaining between the Presidency and the legislature has become, to a large extent, ineffective.Presidencies in the Age of InformationThe impact in the growth and importance of media, especially television, over the last thirty years has been essential in the promotion of going public strategies. Corrigan (2001) claims that in the information age of the new century, “presidents have new outlets to go public. Media outlets such as CNN, Fox News, and C-Span provide national coverage to even minor public addresses. Video-teleconferencing offers the president the ability to speak to groups across the country from the Oval Office.”
The Reagan Presidency
No administration was more sharply affected by the media boom than Ronald Reagan’s. A master at video politics, Reagan took advantage of his public appeal to the fullest extent. Jacobs and Shapiro (2001) claim that, “the Reagan years are pivotal in understanding recent and future developments regarding the relationship between public opinion and presidential behaviour.” Reagan’s reputation as a strong president was built to a large extent through media portrayals.
Riding on the wave of high public opinion Reagan appealed to the public to accept the proposed reversal in tax and spending policies outlined in the budget of 1981. The attempt on his life by John W. Hinckely, Jr., was the last media boost he needed to push through his reforms. Lewis (2001) claims that, “During the first two years of the Reagan presidency, for example, the press continually
In the paper “The Going Public Strategy from Reagan to Bush” the author analyzes going public, which can be defined as the president making a conscious appeal for support to the nation as a whole. Major public addresses allow Presidents to speak to the American public on national primetime television…
How did the domestic policies of presidents Reagan, Bush, and Clinton reflect the rise of conservatism in American politics?
Tannsjo states in his book that the Concise Oxford Dictionary defines conservatism as that attitude which is possessed by the person who wants to “maintain existing institutions” (3) when he comes into the government.
The Reagan revolution marked a historical era in the American history. This era involved the leadership of President Ronald Reagan. This revolution initiated in 1981 and culminated in 1989 (Troy, 2009). This president hailed from the Republican Party and executed diverse ideologies that justified his political affiliation to the party.
On the one hand, the main difference between these approaches was caused by political situations and foreign policies provided by Bill Clinton and George Bush. Clinton's defeat motivated him to adopt a more cautious, pragmatic, and moderate approach reflected the post-Cold war situation needed the policy of "engagement and enlargement".
As the forty-first president of the United States, President Bush has had excellent political background even before he took office I the White House. He had served the American government under the Nixon and Ford administration as head of the Republican National Committee, and as special envoy to the People's Republic of China and the Director of Central Intelligence respectively.
The author states that if the issue is of great importance to the public and there is a common consensus as to how the problem may be resolved between a majority of the public and policy makers, policy makers are likely to be facilitated in their foreign policy aims. The most recent example of this is the US incursion into Iraq in 2003.
During his campaigns, he sold his ideologies to Americans, and they preferred him greatly over his opponents. He therefore maintained that the Democrats did not have realistic solutions to the social challenges (Thornton,
This research will begin with the statement that all the national leaders during the 21th century in the United States that is, Jefferson, Jackson, Herbert Hoover and Roosevelt who were Republicans, Democrats, conservatives or liberals were bounded by horizons of enterprise and property and accepted the economic qualities of the capitalistic culture as the necessary value of man.
5 pages (1250 words)Essay
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Let us find you an essay for FREE
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to email@example.com