The present paper is devoted to the discussion of the rational choice theories as applied to the political science and international relations in particular. The aim of the work is to consider the assumption, that political science and international relations display a wide range of irrational decisions, which cannot be explained by the rational choice theory…
The last decades have been characterized by the widely spread opinion, that any political behavior, especially in the area of international relations can be explained on the basis of the rational choice. On the contrary, certain political scientists have also argued as for the relevance and universality of the present theory in terms of international political decisions. The core of the rational choice approach is that 'people always try to maximize their interests', (Ferejohn & Satz, 1996); in regional politics this maximization may be connected with the desire of people to vote for this or that candidate, while at the international level the rational choice depends on what profits each state will gain as a result of this or that political decision. Having its roots in the economic sciences, rational choice theory is usually based on the cost-benefit calculations.
Politics as a whole appears to be the area of the irrational choices, which can hardly be explained by the rational choice theories; this is why to prove this assumption we have to look closer at the examples of such cases with their relation to the theory.
Ian Shapiro has called the rational choice theory 'a model that pretends to explain everything'. ...
f the belief, that rational choice theory was the basis for the explanation of international political processes, has probably taken place during the falling of communist regime across Europe. The prominent political scientists have failed to explain the reasons and the grounds of such collapse. (Snidal, 2002) This was one of the most prominent irrational actions, which took place during the world political history and science. This was also the time, through which the post-behaviorists understood there were other means of explaining international political relations.
In relation to the rational choice theory, the question appears as for the assumption, that this theory looks at the participants of the political processes as actors, who have their purpose and goal, and thus act on the rational basis; (Bates, 1997) but what about the Muslim Shahids, who commit suicides in the Middle East looking for some unknown and unreasonable idea If the rational choice is the analysis of costs and benefits of certain political actions, how can this theory explain these actions, which certainly influence the general international situation In this behavior only the one part of this theory is seen - the costs; the benefits are absolutely absent at the first glance, or they are vague and invisible for the analyst. While the subject of the suicide supposes such act to be the means of displaying his (her) political beliefs, such behavior is usually taken as absolutely irrational, leading to no profits and causing international conflicts. The rational choice theory here is proved to be unable of explaining these behaviors and choices through its statements. On the other hand, the actions of Shahids may be taken as rational on the basis of the assumption, that their behavior is not ...
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Critics of the rational choice paradigm generally indicate that their is no objective knowledge. This is key because if there is not such thing as objective knowledge, one cannot be said to arrive at a correct conclusion through being rational. In this paper I will provide a brief description of Rational choice before discussing the debate of rational choice in reference to ontology, methodology, and epistemology.
The theory of a rational choice was based on the understanding of Human behaviours. In the modern world it is mostly applied in politics, economics and science. Rationality choice is considered to be entailed in the contemporary sociological theory. The implication of rationality choice rest on the assumption of old utilitarian principle.
However, people systematically shift from the requirements of consistency and coherence and these violations are traced to psychological principles that govern the perception of decision problems and the evaluation of options. As such, the research paper by Amos Tversky & Daniel Kahneman (1981) entitled ‘The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice’ sought to investigate why there are different shifts of preference when the same problem is framed in a different way.
What is rational in Rational Choice Theory? Critically assess its applications.
The Rational Choice Theory is based on the principle, that choices which the individuals make for utilizing a particular product or service are based on the rational of maximizing the utility.
Construction site accidents take place because of several reasons which include careless attitude of workers at site, absence of equipments, machineries which don't work, etc.
At the site, the chute was needed to be cleared, which had been blocked by means of plastic wrap.
We may regret our decisions so frequently, and yet we manage to learn from our folly seldom. Human beings are constantly susceptible to a plethora of subconscious tendencies originating from a domain that knows no semblance of logic or reason.
Of course, when it comes to money and business we try to make a more balanced assessment of things, keeping our own personal biases aside to a large extent.
on of objectives, and solution development, are created and assessed, and an alternative is adopted, applied, and then monitored and updated (Parmigiani & Inoue 2009). This form of rational approach to decision making states that the decision maker knows that a problem exists,
Processes of emotions also contribute to rationality and decision-making. Often, decision making by individuals, occur when they are accorded with many alternatives and they have to choose. This is normally based upon their beliefs as well as preferences. The
The theory was developed by the psychoanalyst Albert Ellis in 1956. The theory is based on the observations of Ellis that when patients changed their beliefs about themselves, the problems they face and their concept of the world, they tended
sion can be called as rational when the decision maker has collected and drawn upon the quantitative observable data with a view to identifying the best course of action. Rational decisions are made without taking superstitions, anecdotal evidence, or emotions into
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