The intermediate power in the society such as the landed gentry, the city merchants, the tribal chiefs and others has effectively reduced the power of the state and negatively impacted the modernization (Lewis, p.225)
As per the Muslim belief any fight against the belief of their religion is considered as a sacred war (jihad) (The making of a modern terrorist, p.5) Osama bin Laden's dislike against the US started from the occupation of US troops in Saudi Arabia, the holy country of Muslims, to fight against the Iraqis. Occupation of a Muslim country by an infidel superpower, led Osama in declaring holy war against US (Global Studies, 228).
Terrorism in the name of Holy war started by Muslim fundamentalists prevented the Muslim community in the gulf region from concentrating in economic growth or modernization processes. The hostility of Muslim world against the US is mainly because of the US foreign policies against the Muslim countries rather than any cultural or religious differences. (Munson, p. 227) A reorientation of American policy in the Palestine-Israeli conflict can definitely bring down the violent forms of anti-American hatred. (Stanley Hoffman, 186)
The advancement in communications has forced the Middle East Muslims to reassess their beliefs. The lack of communication with the external world prevented Muslims from identifying the differences between their world and the rest. (Lewis, p.227) The internet technologies provided them an opportunity for self assessment. Most of the youths who studies in western countries have contributed immensely to the changing attitudes of Muslims regarding their fundamentalism.
Today's challenges for most developing countries are economic in nature. (Mediterranean Quarterly: p.124) Economic power is as important as military power. The economic power and natural resources of Middle East community has to be streamlined for the growth of their countries rather than developing fundamentalism. In short the Middle East community has immense potential for growth and modernization. But the question is how the international community can make the Muslim community aware of the dangers of terrorism in the name of holy war.
Politics of the Middle East 3
Influence of developmental changes in Iraq on my life
The changes, whether it is political, economical, cultural or social, happened at one country will affect peoples of other countries as well because of the global nature of the world. The implementation of globalization policies by most of the countries made it absolutely impossible for the people to stay away from developments in other countries.
"In Baghdad, Iraqi Ali Rahim told CNN's John Roberts: "If the Democrats win then the American forces will withdraw from Iraq because the Democrats believe they have had a great loss in Iraq and they see it as a second Vietnam "(Simon Hooper). I know very well that the military expenses of the American troops in Iraq is been collected from the tax payers. For the reconstruction activities in Iraq, the U.S. needs to spend billions of dollars, which again should be collected from the US citizens. I think such feelings led the average American citizen vote against the republicans in the recent elections.
"In a Gulf War study, the
If modernization is the process of gaining control over physical environments, (Bill, p. 2) we can definitely argue that most of the Middle East people are modernized because of the marked developments in physical variables such as technology and economy (Bill, p.7) Democratic - Participatory societies enjoys liberty and security more than any other forms of political categories…
This study examines the issue in the light of the theoretical perspectives relative to politics in the Middle East. The theories that appear to provide an understanding and to explain the events of the conflict are neo-realism, modernization theory and post colonialism theory. However, the reasons behind the Oslo failure are best explained by the neorealist theory.
There has been a long-lasting conflict in the Middle Eastern Politics between the ideology of Arab nationalism and the ideology of Islamic revival, which has incongruously added fuel on to the burning fire in the politics of this region. Significantly, the ideology of Arab nationalism was developed in the 1950s and 60s under the leadership of Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt and the Ba’ath Parties of Syria and Iraq.
The US-Israel relationship dates back to the cold war period when Americans saw the need of creating a Jewish state following the aftermath of World War II and the Holocaust. Israel was founded in 1948 and ever since the country has enjoyed a closer commitment of all the US presidents, as well as most of the Congress Members in enhancing Israel’s security, economic cooperation, diplomatic cooperation and close US-Israel defense.
Israel, Iraq and the USA in Middle East Politics Analysis
One of the significant issues that make the Middle East to stand out is that the region is rich with vital natural resources and particularly fossil fuel. “These resources have influenced the dynamics, economic, political and social which took place in the region.
The Kingdom’s Law is principally derived from Islamic Sharia Law, which derives its guidance from the teachings of the existent two Holy Books, the Quran and the Sunnah (this being Prophet Muhammad’s traditions). Accordingly, the Law of the land is fundamentally rooted in the guidance and teachings of the Quran like many of its neighboring states, among other Muslim nations.
This problem is analyzed and presented with zest and reason. The book presents these problems adequately and explains the origins of the problems and how they got developed though it does not look at providing any solution for the issues.
The author of the book is a journalist and has been a resident of the Middle East, able to speak Arabic fluently; was instrumental in reporting back to UK some of the major happenings in the history of that region; including Armenian Holocaust and the Iraqi war.
When people think of the Middle East,they tend to think of a series of countries that are connected by a common religion and they have a common thread to their way of life. While it may be true that significant majority of those in the Middle East believe and adhere to the principles of Islam,this does not mean that each country has a similar culture.
In terms of economics, the Middle East political scene is grounded oil production. The Middle East oil reserves can continue to supply more than 60 % of the world’s oil needs. The Persian Gulf oil reserves can deliver 62 percent of the
the middle east such as Iraq and Saudi Arabia begun most likely in the 1930s when the geologists that were working for the standard oil in California identifies a lot of oil in Saudi Arabia. Enchantment changed into obsession following the discovery. The paper aims at discussing
Through focusing on respective political scenarios within the member countries within the Middle East, the author reveals the reasons behind political instability that the nations experience. In Iraq, political instability started after a provocation of Prime Minister to the minority Sunnis, a community that enjoyed protection under Saddam Hussein.
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