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Origins of neo-conservatism - Essay Example
The term 'neo-conservatism' has several definitions. First of all, it can be defined as political movement, which has been taking place in the United States up to these days. Furthermore, the term refers to ideology and objectives of public policy of neo-conservatives in the United States, who are generally known for their relatively interventionist and hawkish attitudes towards foreign policies, and their unsufficient support for the "small government" standards and limitations of social spending, comparing to other American parties and classical conservatives in particular.
"A number of future neoconservatives such as Jeane Kirkpatrick and Ken Adelman were Shachtmanites in their youth, while others were later involved with Social Democrats USA. Most neoconservatives, however, including those who have been close to SDUSA, will strenuously deny, even contrary to evidence, that they were ever Shachtmanites" (Dean, 2004,p.65). Disagreement with Dtente with the USSR and the ideas of New Left, who were against both Soviet and capitalist ideologies, which occurred as a reaction to the USSR's break with Stalinism ideology in the middle of 1950s, led the Neoconservatives to break with 'liberal consent' established in postwar years. The 'prototypical' neoconservative intellectuals I.Kristol and N.Podhoretz were connected to with the magazine named 'Commentary', and their academic development is quite apparent in those publications of that period (Stelzer, 2004). ...