In other countries such as Argentina, the fight against corruption, remnants of populism and a weak judicial system are in evidence almost daily. Is the establishment and maintenance of good governance possible in Latin America Using Chile and Argentina as examples it becomes clear that in our analysis of good governance we should not be limited by one model but should take into account the diversity of problems and the level of difficulty in resolving these problems when we choose to analise whether or not a state's governance is 'good'.
Good governance is a universal term used to describe the level of democracy, human rights and the forms of participatory government present within a country's political system. At its core is the democratic system which is seen as the optimal system for allowing citizens maximum freedom of expression and participation in political processes. Wijkman (1998) claims that, "Good governance entails a vast set of democratic processes and institutions at every level of society, from the local council to regional, national and international institutions, that allow the voices of the people to be heard, conflicting interests to be peacefully resolved, and a forging of consensus towards greater social progress (p. 89)."
Good governance became an important concept in the late 80s when it became tied to foreign aid programs, in addition to playing a crucial role in analysing a country's competitiveness for foreign investment ('Weapons of Mass Upliftment'). While in the era of the Cold War "the flow of aid, in particular by major bilateral donors, was strongly influenced by strategic foreign policy interests" (Van de Sand, 2000 p. 90), the triumph of capitalism would see aid and investment most closely tied to countries with democratic principles. Countries with greater democratic stability were perceived and are still perceived as better able to respond to and dependably integrate both governmental and non-governmental aid, as well as providing a stable economic climate for investors. Most importantly good governance has become a term that is often applied by northern aid agencies and investors to developing countries when accessing their potential. Doornbos (2003) states that, "it soon transpired that these references somehow pertained to states and entities in the South, rather than in Europe or North America where the concept was launched" (p. 4).
Yet, there clearly exist problems of good governance in developed countries as well. In recent years the Bush administration initiated a program with the goal of analising whether government programs were achieving their objectives. One of the conclusions it reached was that 40 percent of these program were deemed 'ineffective' ('Good Governance', A15). Clearly good governance is a concern worldwide. In a study by the Commonwealth Foundation of 45 Commonwealth countries, most of those interviewed felt disappointed with the democratic institutions of their country (Naidoo & Tandon, 1999, p. 16).
Like many popular concepts, good governance is complicated by varying interpretations of its definition and the proposed means with which it may be attained.