The most common examples of Radical right-wing parties success can be seen where they have managed to combine a strong appeal to anti-establishment ressentiments with an equally strong claim to democratic reform or renewal. The most prominent case is the FPO, which has consistently promoted itself as 'the driving force behind the political renewal of Austria', seeking to bring about an 'Austrian cultural revolution with democratic means' which would lead to the overthrow of the ruling class and the intellectual caste. (Turner, 1975) Italian Fascism and German National Socialism are characterized by sharing the common aspects of totalitarianism; followed by supremacy of a leader, an exclusive ideology, a single mass party, a monopoly of communications media and education, and a secret police and terror apparatus. The fascist movements and parties that arose in Italy and Germany developed into regular totalitarian dictatorial regimes in the early nineteenth century. But fascism also appeared in various western and eastern European countries without achieving major political power.
Fascism resulted as a devastating impact of World War I, emerging from economic and demographic devastation and moral exhaustion that took close to ten million human lives, broke up empires, and undermined the political credibility of monarchs and democrats alike. The ideals of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution rationalism, liberalism, democracy, and egalitarianism were increasingly challenged by new philosophical, scientific, pseudoscientific, and political precepts, which provoked new ideas among the intellectual sources, upon which some fascist ideologists and politicians would draw.
The Italian fascist party of Italy suffered from economic and political problems in which, 650,000 lives had been lost in the war, yet Italy failed to get all that had been promised for joining the Allies in the war when peace was made. The national debt had swelled as a result of the war, bringing inflated prices and depressed wages. (Blum, 1998) The disorder and frustration in the postwar years raised the specter of a socialist revolution, an abhorrence too much of Italian society. Mussolini's movement was designed to attract converts from the many discontented, the disillusioned, and the uprooted to passionate nationalism and direct action. But despite of all consequences, he was driven by a quest for power.
In Germany fascism was emphasized by German Nazist Movement which not only added and explored to the knowledge and understanding of fascist, but also Nazi and radical nationalist movements in Europe during the early nineteenth century, achieved toward a scholarly consensus on the exact definition, significance and usage of "fascism." The characteristics of fascism in Germany and Italy were during their thrive for power which included a minimum list of common traits as those movements which