Since the end of the Cold War, where there has been much disintegration of Middle Eastern rules, power relations and paradigms, security studies has faced a serious challenge, which has invited input from scholars positioned variously in many arenas. This dissenting trend presents on a broad canvas the critical security studies, which has shed light on some of the emerging patterns of conict that have dramatically altered both the contours of security and the possibilities for conict resolution in the post-Cold War era.
By challenging security issues in the context of mainstream studies, critical scholars have opened up space for new understandings of conict and security in Middle Eastern regions.
Although the Gulf war's conflicts along with the Madrid peace process-opened the door for the Middle East peace talks, such developments created the context for seriously pursuing Arms Control and Regional Security (ACRS) in the early 1990s. It was clear that regional players in the post-Cold War period would be able to acquire this challenge of taking a more active role in ensuring their security in the regional context. However there were still some common security concerns that needed to be addressed through cooperative means.
The 1990 Damascus declaration was the start of new military alliances between the Arab states and West for which the talks inaugurated between the issue of Israel and Middle East (Barnett, 1996). ...