Emergency managers, in their pursuit of tackling critical problems, need to make the best use of available resources, and act efficiently during disaster situations. Although the role of an emergency manager is magnified only during problematic conditions, his work is nevertheless an on-going process. The department of emergency management is required to prepare in advance for potential disasters, respond effectively during disasters, and ensure the well-being and settlement of residents after the disasters are over. Emergency Management departments try their best to make sure that the opportunity cost of emergency management actions such as emergency preparedness and hazard are less than the long-term losses incurred from maximum credible disasters.
As the Emergency Management Coordinator, it is my job to have proper hazard and vulnerability analysis of the city conducted frequently, and facilitate training to task-forces, as well as citizens to ensure that the city is prepared to handle catastrophic situations at all times. These trainings can be done in the form physical exercises and drills, or dissemination of safety information. Also included as part of my duty is the creation of new positions and policies for the innovative and initiated minds, redefining responsibilities and considering budget requirements. Moreover, I shall endeavour to form coalitions with banks, insurance companies, local government agencies, and other forms of community groups so as to reduce disaster losses to the city and its residents.
When a situation arises, it is important that emergency managers work in collaboration with other public service and safety departments like the police force, fire department and paramedics. To achieve unanimity of purpose, an emergency manager can work towards ensuring that public safety departments are in frequent contact with each other, and information flows through them without barriers of bureaucracy and inefficiency. This would promote an effective and integrated performance in emergency preparedness, and the response to emergencies. Another method which can be adopted to integrate all the services is to conduct joint exercises and drills involving all parties who would be working during an emergency together. These drills would not only help in preparing for future circumstances, but will also help the various departments realise the importance of other public safety services, and their need to rely on them. This way, they will be encouraged to put forward a team effort during a disaster, instead of a 'one-man show'.
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security is the federal government's wing which endeavours to detect potential disasters, and works towards securing the homeland and the safety of the citizens when undesirable conditions prevail. It has been organized into various departments which are divided into task forces based on their functions. Thus, there is a separate department to deal with each type of potential threat. The branched structure of the organization helps in effective and quick response during emergencies. The missions of DHS are focused on the safety of the homeland, and all measures taken by the higher authorities and emergency managers logically follow each other; all leading to the ultimate goal of emergency prepare