The decline of the Soviet Union in the early 90s has definitely ushered in a dilemma into the realm of historical understanding. Should the decline of Soviet Union ought to be interpreted as a direct outcome of the military dominance ushered in by the Regan administration or were the reasons for Soviet demise embedded deep into the political, economic and cultural framework of this ex-superpower Understanding the decline of Soviet Union poses some utterly tough challenges to the contemporary historians…
By the late 80s, if the cold war was becoming a major limitation for the Soviet Union, the US administration was also getting cognizant of the constraints being posed by that icy conflict. Thus a thorough understanding of the decline of the Soviet Union during the Gorbachev era raises many hitherto unexpected issues (Dukes, 1993). Therefore the onus for the decline of the Soviet Union both before and after Gorbachev needs to be interpreted in the context of the socio-economic, political and cultural changes that defined the Soviet Union in 1991.
Communism was as much an economic and social doctrine as a political strategy. It is really surprising to note that the Bolsheviks primarily came to power by riding on a band wagon of simple economic promises that is the extension of food, clothing and shelter to the suffering masses (Sviderskii, 1930). Hence the demise of the Soviet Union was as much a failure of the Communist economic model, as a victory of the Western democratic and capitalist ideals.
The Gorbachev era was the culmination of a long history of disastrous economic policies pursued by the successive soviet regimes over the decades. So the decline of the Soviet Union when Gorbachev came to power needs to be understood in the subaltern context of the failure of the Soviet state to provide the basic means of sustenance to the masses. Food definitely constitutes an important aspect of this state failure on the part of the communist regime.
In the late 20s, the Soviet regime went ahead with a positive note in the sense that it supported the idea of allowing for private agriculture and the free market economy pertaining to food grains, while retaining the Communist Party's hold over the basic market frameworks (Sviderskii, 1930). However, the agents of doom were let lose when Stalin decided in favour of the state control over agriculture and the production and the management of food stocks (Gaider, 2007). Stalin chose to do so despite the cautions extended by many of his trusted comrades like Bukharin and Rykov (Gaider, 2007).
The pursuance of this food policy between 1920 and 1950 resulted in a sharp decline in the Soviet agricultural production, despite the fact that it had access to some of the largest farming tracts in the world (Desai, 1986). In fact Nikita Khrushchev wrote a letter delivered to many of his friends, mentioning that, "In the last fifteen years we have not increased the collection of grain. Meanwhile we are experiencing a radical increase of urban population. How can we resolve this problem (Gaider, 2007)"
At some time in the 50s, the Soviet planners alarmed by this scarcity, put their heads together to grapple with this pressing issue and several options were ...
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(Soviet Union During Gorbachev Presidency Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Soviet Union During Gorbachev Presidency Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/294193-soviet-union-during-gorbachev-presidency.
Cohen (1995, 261) When Ronald Reagan presidency ended and was asked what had been his supreme accomplishment, he responded, “People tell me that I won the Cold War” (Summy & Salla 1995, 19). At some point in the 1992 election George Bush declared a more theatrical triumph in the Cold War (Leffler & Westad 2010).
The author concludes the article by pointing out that collapse of the Soviet Union at the beginning of 1990s is related to the intellectual and moral uprising from the side of the mass. Within this context, the policies implemented by Mikhail Gorbachev (Glasnost and Perestroika) accelerated the collapse of the Soviet Union.
The Internal and External and Factors That Shaped the Collapse of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union emerged out of the turbulent World War One as a revolutionary pariah state that soon evolved with rapid speed into a military giant with enormous influence beyond it boarders; an ideological model with conceivably secure and stable economy emulated by more than a third of the world’s population , at least for a time in history.
I. The main reason behind the collapse of the Soviet Union was economic crisis which began in 1985 with Saudi Arabia’s refusal to support oil-price policy of keeping oil-price high in international market. a. In 1980s, the Soviet Union’s economy became completely depended on the export on oil and gas.
It is worth noting that even despite lifting the censorship, the book market was highly affected by economic and political chaos leading into several book printing industry falling and eventually reducing the number of printed books. Nevertheless, detective stories and thrillers have turned out to be very successful in the 1990s and a decade later, Boris Akunin’s 19th century sleuth became very popular.
Amongst these the most important one was the Soviet Union (Ottawa, 1980). The Soviet Union had also undergone a transformation in those days as the last tsar ruler had been toppled in 1917 and had been replaced by Lenin. Then delegation from Afghanistan was given a very positive response and Moscow recognized and accepted the new country and at the same time offered help and assistance for progress newly born state.
Mikhail Gorbachev's ‘New Thinking’ was not just a catchphrase for a new foreign policy built upon traditional Russian ideologies. The revolutionary concept began during the decline of the Soviet Union in the 1980’s. It was based on the idea that there can be a relationship between national and internal securityю
The revolutionary concept began during the decline of the Soviet Union in the 1980’s. It was based on the idea that there can be a relationship between national and internal security and that military power is not the only method to provide a secure
A debate with a rare magnitude that has dragged on for two decades, the very fragmentation of the union knows not unanimity, with scholars divided right in the middle over the bullets that actually precipitated the unfortunate