Constitutional principles of political power - Essay Example

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Constitutional principles of political power

In a very real sense, every state has a constitution, if by a constitution is meant, in the words of Lord Bryce, "the aggregate of the laws and customs through and under which the public life of a State goes on..." (Studies I 1901). In this sense, every state may be said to have a constitution.
There is, however, a tradition in the history of political thought which describes a constitution in terms of a higher law which is an expression of the will of the people. In this view, the state is created by and is organized by the people in the writing and adoption of a constitution, and government derives its authority, institutions, and procedures from this constitution.
That is why, Thomas Paine maintained that any government which violates the constitution exercises "power without right." If the distinction between constitution and government is ignored, then, Paine argued, there being no check upon the will of the government, it follows that the state is a despotism. A true, written constitution, he held, was always antecedent to the actual government, for, in his words, "The constitution is not the act of its government, but of the people constituting a government" (Elster & Slagstad 1988).
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The paper concentrates on the thesis, which says that the just exercise of political power is conceived of as resting upon constitutional principles. Constitutionalism is descriptive of a complicated concept, according to which in political society government officials are not free to do anything they please in any manner they choose; they are bound to observe both the limitations on power and the procedures which are set out in the supreme, constitutional law of the community…
Author : wymanalden

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