It is only lately that some studies have pointed out the relevance and the need of a Foreign Policy Approach (FPA) to help explain the complex arena of the European Union's Foreign Policy. To adapt FPA to the European Union, an original and unique political organization, poses no insuperable problems. The difficulty is to apply an FPA approach to "European Foreign Policy". In my view the concept of "European Foreign Policy" is the problem. For some analysts EFP is synonymous with EU's Common Foreign and Security policy (CFSP) which should be differentiated from the European Community external competences (the traditional trade policy and the new development policy complementary to those of the Member States). Recently Hill (2002: 2-3) employs the term "European Foreign Policy" to the ensemble of the international activities of the European Union alone, not only CFSP activities but also including outputs from the other two EU's pillars, considered as a "mass of activity" which cannot be pretended to be in itself coherent. Others find the former definition to restrictive and consider that EFP takes three forms: member states Foreign Policy, Community external relations and Union's CFSP. In this context EFP is understood as a system of external relations or a Foreign Policy system where these three strands can be differentiated for analytical purpose. Although these perspectives stress that a key research task for the analyst is to establish the extent to which these forms have become interwoven over time, the fact is that this notion of EFP emphasizes the distinct sets of activity more than their interaction.
These definitions of EFP tend to ignore that CFSP provides the necessary political dimension to the Union's external action, that is to say, provides the political dimension which complements Community action. Moreover they fail to recognize the fact that in spite of its limitations and deficiencies the Treaty on European Union has allowed the formulation and implementation of a Common Foreign Policy which is more than the sum of member state's foreign policies. The Policy towards Central and Eastern Europe is a clear example of the later. It showed for the first time a common Foreign Policy strategy, combining Community and CFSP measures.
Another example is, the EU has also a CFP towards the Mediterranean and the Middle East, Russia, Ukraine, the Western Balkans. This is not to say that it is, or should be, a single foreign policy of a federal type but to recognize that the Union is an original and unique political organization where the CFP coexists within national foreign policies, which should be coherent nor contradictory with the later.
The concept of "common" foreign policy invokes the existence of interests in common. The Treaty on European Union makes a clear differentiation between areas of common interest and matters of general interest on which the Member States will inform and consult one another within the Council (Art.16). The common interest doesn't emerge automatically. It is the result of a process of overcoming narrow national interests for the shake of a shared common interest. The common inter
Understanding the European Union's international presence is not an easy task. Scholars concur that the EU has an international presence (it is visible in regional and global foray) and that it exhibits some elements of 'actorness' (it is an international actor in some areas but not in others)…
“We have reshaped that whole region -- a reinvigorated US-India relationship, a new US-Pakistan relationship, a new Interim Authority in Kabul, the Taliban gone, and the terrorists’ dead, in jail or on the run," Powell told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
Even technology-oriented civilizations of the Far East, such as India, China and Japan were seen as underdeveloped comparing to European civilization, and were always identified as static. For a number of European writers of this period, the European history became paradigmatic for the rest of the world society.
According to the research findings, the future looks a better picture than the present situation and that it is hoped as the Russia enters the new avenues in terms of its growing economy, it should also foster the relationship with EU so that Russia and EU will be in for a new historical rapprochement, which will benefit all Europeans.
50 years the British Foreign Policy has always chosen to keep itself somewhere in between Europe and America and still Britain wants to shun from the situation where it has to choose regarding a transatlantic alliance between these two countries. (Peter Mandelson)
itional hunting, farming and herding societies in many of the areas of the world being newly explored by Europeans, such as the Americas, most of Africa, and later the Pacific and Australasia” (Ginsberg and Smith, 2005, p.34). Even technology-oriented civilizations of the Far
Yet there is no much consensus over how to conceptualize the European Union’s actorness. EU’s actorness or the EU’s condition or not as an international actor has been related to the existence of a ‘European Foreign Policy’ (EFP). However instead
EU’s competitiveness will suffer when anti-competitive practices of its member states which undermine or distort its common trade policy.
EU’s main objective is to have a minimum tariff where nations at identical levels of growth have identical tariff contours. EU is
es for a certain group or person and the establishment of enabling environment; or the lack of lived situations of coercion, for example political coercion in the United States society. Whereas political liberty is usually misunderstood to mean the liberty from irrational
All nations seem to have a well planned and clear rules and policies that guide that country on how it interacts with the other states. This is where foreign policy comes in place.
Foreign policies help nations solve crisis, trade among other interactions. Despite
12 pages (3000 words)Essay
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Let us find you an essay for FREE
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to email@example.com