However, some state officials use this power to fulfill their personal interest. The destructive activities were made possible by the use beyond the power vested upon these government officials. This is the greatest problem of governing. It is apparent that the state is now operating for their own benefits and disregarding the rights of the society. A criminal activity such as corruption which is stealing the money of the society is very visible, where politicians openly ignore their responsibilities as well as their sworn statement towards the public. This practice exhibits gross parasitism, malfeasance and criminality.
While these practices were done by those government officials with whom the general public has elected, it has become a question as to why those criminal offences were committed by those "supposed to be" leaders. Are there other factors that greatly influence those practices Do these practices affect democracy Do these practices have any relation to political parties and pressure groups Are political parties and pressure groups a hindrance or an aid in democracy
According to Jack L. Davies (2001), political parties can be organized by anyone, can select their own membership and leadership any way they want, and can define any political positions that they want without consulting with anyone else. However, they do not represent any citizens, other than the members of the party itself. They must then present their candidates for election and political positions for approval by referenda as appropriate before their political agenda has any real relevance.
Political parties are groups or organizations which aim for certain goals and have their own political ideologies and policies. They seek to attain political power in the government by electing a leader and running in the election in order for these political ideologies and policies to be implemented.
Though political parties' aids in democracy by giving the general public a lot of choices of what political party will best serve the nation, political parties have also its own strengths and weaknesses.
The bright side of political parties, aside from giving the general public a lot of choices, by free and open competition, is also, as stated by Kenneth Wollack, President of National Democratic Institute, (2005) in new democracies, governments, political parties and civil society are finding ways to work cooperatively to construct and consolidate their nascent democratic institutions.
Political parties train political leaders and educate the general public by explaining and defending the government policies. They give the general public some points to ponder by pointing out the weaknesses of the governing party's policies and other party lists' policies at the same time promote their own course of action. These happen during the election campaigns.
During election campaigns, these political parties serve as a channel for the general public and the government as well repair damage roads and do other things that the government has recently failed to do that will give benefit to the general public.
Political parties have also its own disadvantages. First is, the political leaders who
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“Political Parties and Pressure Groups Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/295502-political-parties-and-pressure-groups.
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Democracy is often implemented as a form of government in which policy is decided by the preference of the real majority (as opposed to a partial or relative majority of the demos/citizens) in a decision-making process, usually elections or referenda, open to all or most citizens…
The true essence of democracy in the sense of the free world is the ability to elect leaders or representatives of the people through a free and fair election process that ensures the will and aspirations of the people who vote in those elections are captured effectively rather than being undermined through undercut means and mechanisms.
Democratic state means the general citizens by taking advantage of their democratic rights present the votes in favour of their preferred individual. Then, he or she becomes the minister of the government of that state and acts as the representative of the general public.
The founding fathers were primarily concern that interest groups and political parties would intentionally impose their political will on others. Concerns about the rich people taking control of the interest groups and consequently spread their ideas leaving the poor unable to support the interest and concerns adequately and effectively.
(Bogdanor, 2006) The Conservative Party in the UK also had 2,800,000 individual members in the early part of 1950. Membership in political parties have however dwindled steadily over the years. By 1975 for example, membership of the Conservative Party had reduced from 2,800,000 to 1,500,000.
It links citizens and the government providing a means by which people can have a voice in their government. Basically, the functional definition of a political party is an organization that supplies three kinds of services: (1) helping legislative candidates get elected, (2) helping legislators get bills passed, and (3) helping members of the collective influence legislation.
Pressure groups can be sectional, promotional, insider and outsider, and all types of pressure groups try to achieve the purposes of people who present these groups and their interests. These groups provide different ways to participate in national and local politics between election campaigns and defend their interests by many ways.
The number of people joining such groups is increasing every day. So does it mean that it enables them have more influence politically than they would have had as members of political parties?
There is therefore a
The author states that these groups can be of several types; they may be working for the welfare of the masses i.e. “positive interest groups” or may be pursuing their interests i.e. “negative interest groups”. On the other hand, a political party or a political association primarily suggests an amalgamation of people aiming to influence policy.
In a democratic state, people are the main representatives. They are the highest decision maker before implementation of any specific rule or regulation within the state or country. However, they may take place in varied political parties, pressure groups or free elections to present their views or ideas among other individual’s of the society
6 pages (1500 words)Essay
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