The so -called 'Ulster Solemn League and Covenant' was the petition made by the Irish Protestants of Ulster to prevent the granting of autonomy or Home Rule to Ireland. Home Rule would have given the Irish their own Parliament for the first time since the Act of Union with Great Britain had been signed in 1801.
The Ulster unionists in 1912 believed that their situation was difficult although not completely lost. The leading Ulster unionists came to the conclusion that the Solemn League and Covenant and then the Ulster Volunteer Force were essential elements of preventing Home Rule leading to an independent Irish Republic dominated by Roman Catholics, their worst nightmare come true.1
The drawing - up of the Solemn League and Covenant amply demonstrated the general fear of the Ulster Protestants towards the Home Rule Act as passed by the British Parliament would be introduced throughout Ireland in 1912. The act was designed to provide Ireland with a high degree of autonomy, the Ulster unionists fearing it would sooner rather than later make Ireland an independent nation.2
The Ulster unionists did not want the granting of home rule for Ulster even if it was given to the rest of Ireland, as they wished to maintain their allegiance to the British crown. On the 28 September 1912, quickly dubbed Ulster Day, the solemn league and covenant was signed by more than 450,000 unionist supporters on the first day. The covenant publicly declared the Ulster unionist determination to stay loyal to the Crown and vehemently opposed the enforcement of home rule for Ireland as a whole.3
The Home Rule Act was primarily intended to give an Irish Parliament control over its internal affairs only' leaving it part of the United Kingdom. It would give the Irish autonomy whilst leaving defence, trade, and foreign to be run from London. The province of Ulster was made up of nine counties in the north-eastern part of Ireland with a Protestant majority. Another major factor was that Ulster had maintained its trade superiority over the rest of the Ireland. The unionists therefore, argued that Ulster needed to maintain its British and Protestant identity and the best way to do so were to remain loyal to the crown (the unionists are also refereed to as Loyalists).
The moderate Irish nationalist leader was John Redmond the strongest advocate of Home Rule, and naturally enough argued that Ulster was included in Home Rule so that its heavy industry and generally successful commercial activities particularly in Belfast could be shared with the rest of Ireland. The Roman Catholics, who formed a majority of the Irish peoples, supported the autonomy that Home Rule would have granted them. Only a very small minority of Irish Roman Catholics supported the concept of a united Irish Republic completely free of British control and influence.4
The introduction of the Ulster Covenant, masterminded by Sir James Craig was subsequently signed by the vast majority of unionists they openly proclaimed their loyalty to the crown and were assisted by the Conservatives who worked behind the scenes to block or at least water down Home Rule legislation.
The controversy over David Lloyd George's Peoples Budget of 1909 had the unforeseen consequence of inadvertently delaying the legislation for Irish Home Rule whilst the Parliament Act was passed to curb the power of the House of Lords. The crisis over the Peoples Budget gave the opponents of Home Rule in Ulster particular the opportunity as well as the time to organise resistance to its adoption. They were helped considerably by the Conservativ ...
Cite this document
(“Ulster Solemn League and Covenant Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/politics/295962-ulster-solemn-league-and-covenant
(Ulster Solemn League and Covenant Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Ulster Solemn League and Covenant Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/295962-ulster-solemn-league-and-covenant.
The litmus test for being a true American is to harbor a deep seated abhorrence for the instruments and polices that are inimical to the essential spirit of freedom, self determination and sovereignty of nations. The American people have always stood for values that were contrary to imperialism and colonialism.
The authors felt that by concentrating on one small part, they would be able to understand why this was such a controversial movement. The New Party was instituted in order to bridge a gap between socialism and capitalism when the Crisis of 1931 happened.
The author explains that the League of Nations was first formed with 43 members and then rose to 56 members along with the cooperation of Russia and the US to a greater extent. The League was considered as an essential part of the post-war world. It cannot be uprooted by anything less than war or rebellion.
The man was Adam and the woman, Eve.
After Adam and Eve disobeyed the Lord and sin took over, they were cast away to the rigorous chores of life. Life was full of labour and while in it all, they multiplied when they took wives for themselves. And the abundance of evil grew to such an extent that God decided to destroy the world.
The author states that it is undeniable the social success that the League had in establishing commissions and agencies, many of them working currently for the successor: the United Nations. In the opening words, Leon Bourgeois uttered: “January 16, 1920, will go down to history as the date of the birth of the new world”.
The League of Nations established in 1919 in the aftermath of World War I, was one such attempt to change the focus of war prevention from individual to collective security. For such an organization to be effective, it had perforce to have the backing of the major powers.
The Covenant of the League of Nations was incorporated in the Treaty of Versailles on the insistence of President Woodrow Wilson, who tabled the Covenant at the Conference. The League of Nations brought a ray of hope to the war-weary nations of the world.
, the first African-American major league baseball player—this ended the baseball color line, which is the segregation of whites and blacks in baseball—and part of six World Series teams (Rubinstein 20) and Babe Ruth, considered to be the greatest American sportsman of all
The elements are the presence of a preamble, a stipulation and a prologue. Conditions have to be given and witnesses have to be present. Moreover, there has to be a sign that marks the conclusion of the covenant. In the Old Testament, God made
The author of the essay gives a detailed information concerning video games and their impact on today's society. According to the text, most of us have played at least one video game in their lifetime. In fact, among all the computer games we have today, League of Legend stands out the most since the profit they made in the past year is close to one billion.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Ulster Solemn League and Covenant for FREE!