The Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) was introduced in the Maastricht Treaty sometime after the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the US (Algieri, 2002). EU’s initial reaction to the threat of international terrorism was to adopt a Plan of Action that supported the coalition against this menace (Ibid). The plan consisted of diplomatic overtures, police and judicial cooperation, humanitarian aid, air transport security, economic and financial measures, and emergency preparedness (Ibid), which were all pursued while the Union leadership was starting to develop the CFSP in tandem with the European Security and Defense Policy. Since the CFSP plan has military implications, the capability of EU to undertake such a program promptly came into question. The basic problem is that EU is non-military in structure and member states would like the Union to stay that way. At one point, for example, member states ganged up on a plan to purchase A400 military transport aircraft, which bespoke a military buildup. As for the foreign policy aspect of the CFSP, skeptics of the plan harp on the lack of EU strategic vision in this arena as evidenced by the absence of clear geopolitical thinking in the CFSP objectives set in Article 11 of the Maastricht Treaty. There is also the inherent difficulty of conducting foreign relations on a common EU basis. This was demonstrated when Union representatives were sent on a diplomatic mission to Islamic countries at the same time that UK foreign ministers were on a separate mission. at the UK government's own initiative. The disparate efforts invite accusations that EU is wanting in a coherent foreign affairs policy, which does not speak well of its ability to put together an efficient CFSP. For these reasons, observers expect the CFSP/ESDP to remain a
This discursive essay assesses the consequences of enlargement on the Common Security and Foreign Policy. The question the paper attempts to resolve is whether further enlargement would be a help or hindrance to the effort to develop an efficient CSFP plan for EU…
According to the research democratic deficit of the European Union is engaging and multi-faceted and confusing sometimes. The existing debates on this particular issue have resulted to contributions by various authors and their thoughts are quite provocative. For instance, some conceive the European Union democratic deficit to be a problem that is false, not a dilemma or even a contradiction.
Thus, during the last eight years, the European Union has expanded from 15 to 27 states. Given that the process of expansion is properly implemented, it promotes the transformation of many European countries into democratic and prosperous states. However, many people still consider the process of EU further enlargement to be harmful for European welfare.
The EU is built with a series of treaties made with its different member states. Historically, the EU was formed to promote peace and economic prosperity especially in Europe after the occurrence of World War II. Since the beginning of the 1950s, the integration of Europe has significantly augmented to entail conducting various financial activities like developing a single market in which goods, capital and people moves freely, a common trade policy, an ordinary agriculture policy, environmental policy and common currency (Euro) which is being used by 17 member states (Archick, 2013).
Freedom of movement of labour is seen as a benefit of integration, and takes the form of a legal provision which gives an opportunity for individuals to look for employment in the EU. Whether or not they are employed depends on the labour market situation in the EU and the decision of individual employers.
Besides, the 2010th may be a timeline for further enlargement as Ukraine, Turkey and former Yugoslavia republics (Serbia and Montenegro, Macedonia and Bosnia and Herzegovina) are also standing in queue (Archick, 2005).
Historically, each stage if EU enlargement used to cause the "displacement of powers" on the continent.
The background to enlargement is explained in the first section. The reasons for supporting this policy position are explained in the next section. The recommendations for the future course of action for the EC are given in the last section.
2.1 The European Union started as a six nation economic community in 1958.
However, this discontentment of the voters towards a Constitution shall not wipe out the progressive efforts that the European Union made to promote equality between human beings throughout the years. In 1993, the twelve members agreed in Copenhagen2 on values that each state should respect: Democracy, State of Rights, Human Rights, and Market Economy.
Setting the wheels going for such vision was the European Coal and Steel Community. Inspired by Jean Monnet, the French diplomat who envisioned the creation of a "Federal Europe" united along supranational lines and the acknowledged father of European Integration, Robert Schuman, the former French Foreign Minister, proposed that France and Germany, and other interested parties to combine their coal and steel resources.
It requires a store location where customer base will be good – sufficient number of economically progressive individuals, who will fuel demand for supermarket retail services and commodities. Location should be preferably urban
As the paper discusses the Union decided to go for a monetary and economic union in 1992 that included the use of a single currency in Europe. The move however took ten years to become a reality and in 2002 national currencies were replaced by euro notes. The Union has established itself as a pace setter.
10 pages (2500 words)Essay
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