State rights and responsibilities are implicit in all types of treaties and conventions. In fact such rights and obligations on the part of states form the basic foundation on which such treaties and conventions are negotiated.
The Permanent Court of International Justice observed in the case concerning the factory at Chrozow that “it is a principle of law that any breach of an engagement involved an obligation to make reparation. Reparation was the indispensable complement of a failure to apply a convention and there is no necessity for this to be stated in the convention itself”. Further the court observed that the rules governing the reparation are the rules of Public International Law in force between the two states concerned and not the law governing the relations between the states which has committed a wrongful act and the individual who has suffered damage. The court has indicated what this obligation amounted to. It observed ; “The reparation must, in so far as possible, wipe out all the consequences of the illegal act and re-establish the situation which would in all probability, have existed, if that act had not been committed. Restitution in kind, or if that is not possible, payment of a sum corresponding to that value which a restitution in kind would bear, the award, if need be, of damages for loss sustained which would not be covered by restitution in kind or payment in place of it”. The court in its observation mentioned restitution or compensation as modes of reparation. ...Show more