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Communism has always been a force to reckon with. It has been the single most effective force to counter the debilitating influence of capitalism and set an example for an alternative form of government and economy. The communism or a form of it we find in Le Guin's The Dispossessed remotely resembles the socialist structures we find in real world communist countries…
Thus when we conclude that communism appeared to be a much better form of government than capitalism, it should not entail that we are supporting the type of communism found in countries like Russia. This is because the anarchist element on Anarres had eliminated the need for a regular governmental structure. Instead the planet was run by a community form of government with its own rules and regulations but without a central government and hence Shevek, the main character tells his servant: "in my country nobody gives any orders" (194). That is the most important characteristic of this Anarres, which is significantly different from governmental system found in A-Io on Urras.
Capitalism in A-Io is more on the lines of capitalism found in the US. We should not conclude that the author was attacking the US but we can certainly say that an attempt was made to expose the fragilities, weaknesses and problems associated with this form of government as well. Anarres is a place which is full of exiles and refugees who work in a community manner to protect and distribute the natural resources and it at once a at once a product of "a very high civilization...and a highly industrialized technology" (p. 85) while also being primitive though not to the extent of pre-technological tribalism" (p. 85). ...
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