Post-Cold War International Order - Essay Example

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Post-Cold War International Order

The end of the Cold War can be analyzed as a significant development in world politics and as the 'defeat' of Marxism and 'triumph' of Liberalism. Fukuyama is quoted as saying that this is “the end of History” and explains in his thesis, “ [the end of the Cold war is] not to an “end of ideology” or a convergence between capitalism and socialism, but to an unabashed victory of economic and political liberalism” (1989 pp.39). The triumphant Liberals will claim that the post-Cold War world order has the U.S.A as the single world super-power, however, they have grasped this power through consent rather than through imperialist measures like past super-powers have done, for example, Great British Empire throughout the 19th century. This has been achieved through the introduction of Free-trade agreements via the WTO, and, as a result of certain policies and economic development, other important liberal factors, such as democracy and freedom, have flourished, particularly in former Soviet Union satellite states such as Poland and the Ukraine. The traditional Liberal position on the international order is a “bottom-up approach” (p121) which means that the needs of the individuals are paramount so the states orientations reflect the people's desires and not the other way around. This, in turn, is reflected in the international scene where different states want different things and hence free-trade can be quite effective in this position. ...Show more

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In this essay "Post-Cold War International OrderI" the author intends to highlight both where the Liberals and the Marxists agree with each other whilst also showing the fundamental disagreements between the two…
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