(Esposito, 1987, p. 152)
It is presumed that Iran's revolution of 1979 declared the Muslim world to think on various 'political' aspects. It was the 1979 revolution of Iran that made the Muslims to think about their future as Islam was declared by the name of 'Islamism', which acted as adversary to the western world particularly America. The main reason started with the Iran political agenda of 1979 when the constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran declared 'Shiaat' as its official religion instead of declaring the one and only 'Islam'.
'Shiaat' when declared as the official religion caused rage among the 'sunni' Muslims, which existed in minority in Iran and Iraq, however the cold war started between shiaa and sunni Muslims after the execution of many 'sunni' Muslims in Iran. This was the time when Shiites all over the countries like Lebanon, Syria, Beirut and Iraq were strengthened and were supported by various movements in order to support 'Hezbollah' (Iran) (Moubayed, 2005) From this day onwards, Islam has been labeled as 'Fundamentalist', rather it would be better to say that, the creation of 'Hezbollah' was the first move towards extremism.
The main political agenda, which sta...
the 1980s responsible in declaring Islam as 'fundamentalist' or 'terrorist' religion is due to the rise of 'Hezbollah' which has ground deep political influences which goes in the favour of Muslim 'mullahs' and politicians. In fact these two groups have served as rouges for taking Islam to the heights not only as a terrorist religion but also as a 'terror' practiced by Muslim countries.
History reveals that groups like Hezbollah and Al-Qaida have been responsible in gaining defame to their religion in the form of 'terror'. Their main aim was to fight for Islam, despite of the fact that Islam does not under any circumstances encourage terrorism. All they have done so far is disguised 'Jihad' by adopting extremist attitude, though Islam is not an extremist religion. The rules followed in Afghanistan are their own 'Holy laws', misused in the name of religion.
On November 04, 1979 Iran leaded a new movement with the help of United States by the name of 'Iran Hostage Crises', which was failed for the loss of lives of the eight US soldiers. However, history reveals that United States was an ally of Iran during and after the World War II. 1979 was the year when Iran's shah 'Mohammad Raza Pehlavi' was overthrown by 'Ayatollah Khomeini' for the western influence he persuaded in Iran. When the US government offered a new relationship with the new Government, Khomeini not only rejected it, but also opposed thereby blaming America for causing 'satanic events' by influencing western culture in Iran. Muslim political era would not be completed without the concern for division in the name of 'Shiaa' and 'Sunni' Muslims. Iran with other countries having majority of Shiaas murdered a massive Sunni Muslims whose beliefs and rituals they found detestable. (Whittaker, 2004, p. 20)