Does "religious terrorism" lead to more intense violence and claim more lives than "secular terrorism" This question, which the paper will attempt to discuss and answer, should be viewed within a global context, especially since the US, UK and other allied countries have declared war on terror…
Both the US and UK leaders are careful not to cross the line and publicly condemn Islam in its entirety, offend Muslim allies and fail to get the support of the "moderate" Muslims. However the terms that Bush and Blair have used are clear condemnations of at least a part of Islam.
However, other statements from official and unofficial sources and media's treatment of the issue have gone further, reducing the world's perception of the situation to a battle between civilizations, between demons and angels, good and evil, black and white. Former US Speaker of the House and neo-conservative Newt Gingrich has openly spoken of World War III between "the West and the forces of Islam" and ruled out the possibility, and even desirability, of accommodation and compromise between the two parties (Lobe, 2006). The grandson and namesake of former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill spoke of "radical Islam" as a threat equal to the WWII Nazis and Soviets in the Cold War era. The concept of Islam as the "main threat to Western civilization" has also been popularised by writers such as Samuel Huntington in his work, The Clash of Civilizations (Nasser, 2006).
The question that must first be addressed is how big a threat terrorism actually is to global peace and human security. The US State Department has defined terrorism as "premeditated and politically motivated violence perpetrated against non-combatant targets bygroups or clandestine agentsto influence an audience" (Whitaker, 2001). In its 2006 Country Reports on Terrorism, the US State Department reported that 14,000 terrorist attacks were launched all over the world, resulting in 20,000 fatalities or an average of 1.4 fatalities per attack. These figures represent an additional 25 percent in the number of attacks and an additional 40 percent in the number of deaths compared to 2005. It should however be clarified that fully 45 percent of the incidents and 65 percent of the fatalities reported were concentrated in Iraq, a nation where the entry and continued presence of the US-led coalition has sparked off some intense resistance (often reported as terrorist activities) from many sections of the population.
Demons and Angels 4
On the other hand, the Human Security Report (2005), after three years of an intensive research effort, concluded that political violence has decreased significantly since the early 1990s (with the only exception being international terrorism). The study, which was supported by the UK, Canada, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland, noted an increase in the total number of terrorism-related casualties from 1982-2003. However, even with this trend, the casualties from terrorism still amount to less than 1,000 people each year for the last three decades, and comprise only a "small fraction" of total fatalities due to political violence (including wars and genocides) or even common crime.
Despite that relatively low number, the public's fears and insecurities have been exacerbated by high profile terrorist attacks since the entry of the new millennium, namely the July 2005 bombings in London, which killed more than 50 and injured hundreds, the March 2004 bombings in Madrid which killed 190 and ...
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(“Religious Terrorism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
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(Religious Terrorism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Religious Terrorism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/309252-religious-terrorism-essay.
These factors include; religious beliefs, discriminatory stereotypes, and psychological abnormalities among other things. Despite these factors serving as the motive behind a terrorist’s actions, belief proves to be the fuel behind these factors. Belief refers to a conviction or faith held by a person about certain issues.
After Afghanistan was freed from Soviet rule in 1988, due largely to Abdullah Yusuf Azzam and Osama bin Laden’s leadership, al-Qaeda was formed. Evil bin Laden’s means are, it must be noted that he was a genius in that he was able to create an internationally well-rounded organization that served to achieve his goals by strategically utilizing and maximizing his resources.
The people involved in terrorism carry out their action in a bid to manipulate a state or a certain group of people to respond to their demand. The terrorist intentions are either politically or socially triggered (Alien, 2007, 15). Religious and secular groups are known to motivate terrorist attacks.
Today, most of the brainwashing is done this way not only by several cults but also by different political parties.
The most common resort to violence occurs when a religious group feels threatened and thinks of itself as the people choose it. Religions also spawn sects, cults, alternative religions and religious terrorism likewise tends to spawn offshoots and factions.
Thus, September 11 called for a wholesale reevaluation of the security of the United Kingdom, and a measure of introspection regarding the nation's commitment to human and civil rights when that commitment presents an obstacle to assuring the national security.
Literally, terrorism is defined as the use of violence to bring bout fear and panic among the public. It may involve murder, kidnapping, bombing, hijacking, arson, and a lot of other crimes. (Jenkins, 1990). But this does not complete the definition of terrorism.
Due to the imposition of harm to society through violent means, terrorists’ acts continue to be scrutinized by experts with the objective of utilizing counterterrorist activities to immobilize these groups. It is in this regard that this