Peacekeeping and Collective Security Essay

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The United Nations has three fundamental and interrelated responsibilities towards the international community. These are conflict prevention, conflict resolution and peacemaking. The capacity of the United Nations to execute any of these responsibilities is inherently dependant upon its monitoring of potential conflict areas/zones/regions.


Indeed, considering the conflict situations which the United Nations has been involved in since the conclusion of World War II, it appears that it has had more failures, and spectacular failures at that, than successes. Rwanda, Bosnia, Somalia and Kosovo are, without doubt, conflicts that will stand out as a testament to the United Nations failures in all of conflict prevention, conflict resolution, peacekeeping and peacemaking.
The source of the United Nations' failure, its apparently persistent inability to fulfil its global peace mission, is the subject of much debate and controversy. Conflict management scholars, such as Clapham (1998) Ross (2000), Richmond (2001), Ghebremeskel (2002), to name but a handful, have identified various reason for the said failures, often presenting contrary explanatory arguments. Clapham (1998), for example, maintains failure to be a natural outcome of flawed peacekeeping, conflict resolution and conflict prevention models, while Ross (2000) maintains it to be a consequence of the UN's lack of serious resolve. ...
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