Utopianism - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample

German intellectuals living in (and hating) the loosely organized Bund provided much of the vocabulary for nationalism, stating that each nation had a particular Volksgeist, or national spirit. They strongly advocated a fierce wave of patriotism. Soon, almost every European language group wanted to have their own nation. Quickly outlawed by reactionary forces, nationalist groups formed secret societies such as the Italian Carbonari and German Buschenschaft. These societies distributed propaganda leaflets and plotted rebellions which later formed a very important part of literature. Often, nationalism combined with other ideological issues, from liberalism to socialism. A natural outcome of Nationalism was Radicalism. Radicalism appeared almost simultaneously in the 1820s in England as the "Philosophical Radicals". They were a principled and unconventional group and consisted partially of workers and partially of industrialists. Their greatest leader was Jeremy Bentham. The Radicals were against the church and anti-monarchy. They were generally opposed to traditional ways. They were a force by themselves until 1832, after which they merged with the British Liberals. The European counterpart to Radicalism was usually referred to as Republicanism, which grew out of the French Revolutionary tradition. Republicanism sought complete political equality in the form of universal suffrage. Republicanism also opposed monarchy and the Catholic Church. ...
Download paper


The years between 1815-1830 saw the rise of a number of related and competing ideologies, each holding a powerful influence in their own time, often merging into each other or giving rise to other similar ideologies. Nationalism was the most powerful ideology in this period. …
Author : delphine05

Related Essays

Realism and Idealism with regard to foreign policy and international relations
12 pages (3012 words) Essay
Political Instability in the Solomon Islands
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Origins of neo-conservatism
10 pages (2510 words) Essay
European Treaties
6 pages (1506 words) Case Study
U.S. Presidential Election 2008
3 pages (753 words) Essay
News in the United States Political System
10 pages (2510 words) Essay
Reason and democracy
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!