The essay "International Relations Theories" illustrates the fundamental differences between two theories by discussing how each would interpret the 2003 U.S. military intervention in Iraq. The two theories are critiqued and analyzed in their persuasiveness in explaining the intervention in Iraq. …
In fact, for realists the desire to maximize state interest within a situation of global anarchy is the most crucial component required in the understanding of political actors and state behavior. First and foremost it is important to remember that state interest operates within an anarchic environment.The international system is inherently unstable and is aptly characterized by widespread anarchy. Due to the absence of a suprastate or overarching Leviathan authority, states are placed in inevitable and perpetual competition, described as the security dilemma. Because of the anarchic nature of international affairs, states are perpetually concerned with their survival. For realists, the international system is a “dog-eat-dog world” and ensuring survival is paramount for any and all states. According to Hans Morgenthau, pioneering German political scientist and an early proponent of realist thought, due to the inherent instability of the international system, the fundamental national interest of all states is to “protect [its] physical, political, and cultural identity against encroachments by other nations” (Morgenthau, 1952, 67). Specifically, threats to states are determined by their relative power vis-à-vis one others in the international system. The structure of the system – the distribution of power and capabilities state wide - is important because threats or challenges facing a state which affront the national interest should be “calculated according to the situation in which the state finds itself” (Waltz, 1979, 77). ...
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(International Relations Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“International Relations Theories Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/387781-international-relations-theories.
The world today has become a system of interdependent states, which need each other to survival in an increasingly competitive international system. This interdependence among states means that they have to find ways of relating with each other in order to maintain international security, even as they pursue their individual interests (Beitz, 1999, pp.
This paper starts with an analysis on the very nature of the states existences and then proceeds to analyze how states interact with each. The author argues that it is because of the growing state necessity to be the global hegemon that states attempt to maximize their world power. States holistically operate in the sense of their own self interest.
In accordance with this, a realist analysis may proceed in evaluating the importance of global security, international hegemony, natural resources, and “democratization” in reference to the NATO deployment in Afghanistan. The justification for the use of NATO forces in Afghanistan is based on the association of al-Qaeda and Osama bin Laden with the Taliban in the country, who were in control of the State apparatus in 2001 when the 9/11 attacks occurred.
For some, the theory may be outdated or unpopular even but its basic tenets - that of tracing the lineage of international relationships and international systems - become en vogue again as part of some countries' policy in combating global problems. According to Darby (2000), the resurgence of some elements of the dependency theory stems from two realities in international political economy: "one is material and the other is ideological," and that they "are both real and they occupy the same space at the same time" (68).
Ann-Marie looks at how different countries will react to a multilateral international arena (1). There is also an analysis of how changes in other non-political areas, for example the environment will shape international relations. Ann-Marie is optimistic that countries that take the necessary caution will be able to survive the power shift, especially by forming and enforcing the existing regional blocs (1).
International relations theories are divided into positivist/rationalist theories and post-positivist/reflectivist theories. The former focuses on principally state-level analysis while the latter focuses on the expanded meanings of security with references as to gender, class and other characteristics.
The author states that one of the core ideas in Liberal thinking is that of the democratic peace thesis derived from the Kantian maxim claiming that republican (democratic) states do not fight one another. For Kant, the reasoning was simple: democratic states were internally more peaceful due to the pacific effects of international trade.
In the study undertaken, the main objective is to be able to present a view on the International Relations (IR) and other related social theories specifically the postmodernism theory. The present trend of the international community can be viewed towards the trend of globalization and oneness. The interaction can be considered as a significant focus.
The citizens had grown tired of the regime and had started organizing civil unrest against the military rule. The military rule had brought down the economy that make the life of the Argentine people difficult to bear. In order to divert the public attention from
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