This essay is focused on the personality of Thomas Hobbes and his ideas. It is mentioned here that Thomas Hobbes was a very well-known English mathematician, who is believed to have given the modern political system much of its current foundation. …
Talking about Hobbes’s state of equality, he strongly believed that we as human tend to be very watchful of the differences that lie between all individuals: differences that distinguish the diverse individuals from each other. For example he said that some of us tend to perceive others as smarter or wiser than ourselves, however, what we fail to take into account is that the bulk of the people around us are more or less the same as ourselves, particularly in thought. Such was the way in which Hobbes defined equality of human nature, that given a particular situation many of the individuals would react to it much in the same way. Moreover, Hobbes felt that all human beings were materialistic beings, motivated by nothing so much as they are motivated by self-interest, thus the term egoism (Clarke, 1995).
This self-interest which dominates human nature in Hobbes’s point of view is the root cause of all chaos and anarchy that has ever prevailed throughout human history. Hobbes believed that if ever in a dilemma, an individual will always choose the alternative which benefits him the most, irrespective the extent of damage that it may cause to anyone else. This egoism of man never allows him to be content with what he has. Rather it requires him to constantly desire more and more power than he already has. Consequently, Hobbes described his “State of Nature,” which was from the nature made by God as one would normally expect it to be. The Hobbes's State of Nature is one which any known State can undergo at a time of absolute chaos and anarchy. ...
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“The Theories of Thomas Hobbes Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/444908-the-theories-of-thomas-hobbes.
Ironically, the search of equality and having been able to attain it is initially the reason why war occurs. Hobbes noted that “if any two men desire the same thing which nevertheless they cannot both enjoy, they become enemies”.
Comparison and Contrast between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. This paper is primarily based on the comparison and contrast between myriad philosophical theories presented by the renowned philosophers John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. Different philosophers have presented different theories and ideas to make the blurred image of various concepts like natural rights, property, democracy, society, security, laws, etc., understandable.
Fobbes is best known for his work in political philosophy and in the social sciences although he contributed to a diverse range of academic disciplines including physics of gases, geometry, history, ethics, general philosophy, theology and political science (Bunce & Meadowcroft 21).
Interestingly, Hobbes describes that from the equality rise all the feelings of diffidence, anticipation and the will to a common power, which in used in "acts of conquest", which man always "pursue farther" than what is generally required. The concept of "common power" is a very interesting point, where Hobbes describes this as the main pursuit of man, who is always at grief because man seeks to hold others in awe.
This understanding contrasts considerably with John Locke's view that is more considerate of belief and moral judgment, though Locke does assert that fear of a divine being is important to make sure that individuals take the right decisions.
Theories that apply to social life encompass understanding of human nature.
As implied by the connotative meaning of the word "Machiavellian," which suggests a kind of diabolical implementation of cruel and random acts absent rhyme or reason. However, this radically understates the moral and axiological project that informs their work and thinking.
Men possessed natural rights derived from natural law which was perceived only by the few who exercised their human reason.
John Locke believed that men were rational beings and could make use of natural law for their own good. But they needed the state to maintain peace and order, provide them with essential services, and settle their quarrels and conflicts.
According to the report Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan is a counteraction and rejection to the proposition that everything happens naturally rather than artificially. Hobbes views the human beings as artificial machines that were created by God through thoughtful planning and design. Thomas Hobbes was a great systematic and universal mind of the seventeenth century.
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