The most important reason for foreign intervention is the geopolitical and economic interests of powerful states. The interventions don’t necessarily have to be of military nature. Economic sanction is a weapon often used to punish the country for being too closed for foreign companies. Recently U.K. has imposed economic sanctions on Iran because of its nuclear programs. Other countries are to follow soon. Another case of geopolitical interests is Iraq where the Allied forces invaded on the pretext of Weapons of Mass Destruction. But even after the Hans Blix’s report on the absence of WMDs, the allied forces continued their operations. Many people argue that the main reason behind the invasion was oil.
In a similar manner, corporate interests influence foreign policies of a country. China has been very interfering in the internal matters of its neighboring country Nepal because of the corporate interests. Nepalese market is flooded with Chinese goods. Corporate interests may not lead to military invasions but they certainly influence countries to adopt protectionist measures. Ideological interests in a democracy are also as a major factor which leads to interventions. Human welfare is also cited one of the major reasons but there is considerable debate about the authenticity of such claims. While U.S. intervention in Iraq was justified for removing the despotic rule of Saddam Hussein, no such action has been taken in Zimbabwe against Robert Mugabe. Countries seek ideological conformity. The reason to this can be the tendency of many autocratic regimes to impose ban on multinational corporations. For example, leaders like Saddam Hussein, Colonel Gaddafi and Fidel Castro have opposed U.S. domination in their country and closed their countries for foreign businesses. On the other hand, democracies are much easy to manipulate (thanks to corruption). Out of the three factors discussed above geopolitical interventions are most common. The most common combination is that of factor (1) and (3). Most of the powerful countries can ignore ‘misbehaving’ democratic countries but they are very intolerant of communist or autocratic governments. When India conducted nuclear tests in late 1990s, sanctions were imposed on it but it didn’t lead to the country’s invasion. On the other hand, undemocratic Iraq was invaded, and destroyed, on the basis of mere suspicion of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Pros and cons for nationalization in Afghanistan Afghanistan faces a very complicated situation regarding its policy of Nationalization. The present Afghan government was helped to come into power by the allied forces. They toppled the Taliban government and helped Afghanistan in its rebuilding. If Afghanistan nationalizes its mineral production then it would seem to be an ungrateful step towards the