The paper "Plato and Rousseau’s Commentary on Constitutional Breakdown" explains that for Plato, an excessive increase in something would cause reactions directed in the opposite direction.Case in point, excess liberty, brought about by democracy, is highly likely to lead to excess slavery. …
Plato thus emphasized that democracy, just like oligarchy, draws a rift between the rich and the poor (Rosen, 2008). With the perceiving the rich as plotting against them, they seek protection through rallying their support behind a champion. With the increasing support of the mob, such a champion is likely to turn into a tyrant. For Plato, the law ought to be a defining factor for all the actions of individuals within a certain jurisdiction and that people have to lose their freedom for the sake of gaining peace and harmony. To prevent degeneration of the constitution, Plato postulates that the law has to become the master of the government and the government to be its slave, so that every person is answerable to the law. In addition, Plato suggests that for a constitution to be effective then the government should be run by the best (aristocratic), so that the leaders are highly wise and that they receive proper training concerning how a state should be run.
Contrary to Plato’s view, Rousseau believes that constitutions that fail to recognize the individual moral responsibility of the citizens is bound to degenerate with time. As such, for any constitutional coercions to be justified, they must be based on certain general agreements among the citizens. Rousseau observed that constitutional governments were driven by an assumption that citizens within a given state, regardless of their divisions in terms of personal opinions, remain firmly in agreement concerning the desire to share the same political existence. ...
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The ideas spawned by him were given further life and shape by his bright pupil Plato, who also documented much of what Socrates orated to his audience. Although he was a prominent member of the Aristocratic class, his lack of deference to authority would ultimately lead to his tragic end.
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general definition, one might begin to understand the complexities involved in studying philosophy as it seems to encompass just about all knowledge pursuits. One of the earliest individuals to try to bring sharper definition to our deeper thoughts was Plato.
It is through
These include the schools, community and homes. For example, in American society, elementary schools relate to Plato’s cave because most of children from grade 1 to 6 lack information about life. They spend most of their time playing, acting crazy and they fail to
The chapter equally describes the philosophical ideas Plato had in relation to the interdependency between an individual and the state on issues of what forms a republic and the worth of individuals being parts of a state, as well as
The tale of people trying to exit from the cave is a dramatic enlightenment and represents the source of true understanding about the world beyond their limited views. Platos tries to answer in a philosophical way some of the questions that many human beings ask
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