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Compare and contrast the main principles in these Psychological therapies: psychoanalysis cognitive therapy - Essay Example

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Compare and contrast the main principles in these Psychological therapies: psychoanalysis cognitive therapy

This paper tries to compare and contrast Cognitive Behavioural Therapy-CBT and Freudian psychoanalytic therapy in a brief manner. Sigmund Freud worked on inventing Tiefenpsychologie-depth psychology, and worked on perfecting his psychoanalysis theories for about fifty years. While many of his cases turned out to be scientifically unstable or even flawed (Cioffi and Borger, 1970), his principles still influenced modern-day therapy (Wollheim, 1992). Psychoanalysis is slow, time consuming, and costly approach. In comparison to Freudian psychoanalysis, CBT is quite fast and result oriented. The patient can work on changing his thinking and not only get results but also save time and energies (Rabson, 2012). Both approaches share some similar grounds and some major differences in their principles and way of dealing with the disorder. In modern therapy, numerous therapists are working with both therapies depending on patient’s needs in order to reap the maximum benefit. Both CBT and psychoanalytic therapies try to identify common themes in patient’s emotional reactions, narratives, and imagery. ...
Cognitive therapists believe that thoughts and ideas that lead to a person’s psychological distress are not deeply buried in their unconscious (A. T. Beck and Weishaar, 2005 cited in Jones-Smith, 2012, p.165). Second comparative difference between CBT and psychoanalysis therapy is that CBT stresses the associations among patient’s symptoms, their conscious thoughts, and present experiences. On the other hand, psychoanalytic therapy emphasizes on revealing repressed childhood memories and biological constructs, for instance, infantile sexuality and libidinal needs (Jones-Smith, 2012, p.165). Miltion (2001) stresses that CBT’s failure to focus on the past associations and what it might reveal about deeper enduring objects relations is its ultimate limitation in comparison to psychoanalysis(Cited in Moorey, 2010,p.200). On the other hand, cognitive behaviour therapists consider it an edge of CBT that it let them treat the patient at a level that is appropriate for the disorder being treated and patient’s needs and constraints. Numerous disorders can be treated by adopting maintenance model that identifies how the patient’s thoughts are guiding him to misinterpret situation in the present, and how these perceptions are leading him to behave in certain ways that sustain the conflict. For instance, in depression patients, they usually hold a belief that they are going to fail. Such beliefs lead them to withdraw or give up. This perception stops them from having success and enjoying the good mood that comes with it (Moorey, 2010, p.200). Research evidence proves that behavioural activation might treat acute depression in addition to preventing relapse (Jacobson et al., 1996 cited in Moorey, 2010, p.201). However, chronic depression can ...Show more

Summary

Compare and contrast the main principles in Freudian psychoanalysis and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy-CBT “Every theory has a locus of explanation” (Moorey, 2010, p.206). When it comes to psychoanalysis, it is the interplay between conscious and unconscious happenings and the way they manifest themselves in everyday life and influence an individual’s behaviours, thus relationships…
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Compare and contrast the main principles in these Psychological therapies: psychoanalysis cognitive therapy essay example
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