DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALITY By Tutor Institution Date Introduction Individuals in any given society follow a range of given ways of conducting themselves. Though the societies may differ, depending on the cultural differences in existence, there is always a universally acceptable way of undertaking any obligation the given social setting…
However, in a broad spectrum outlook, abnormality is characterised by a given set of features according to Rosenhan and Seligman (1989). The abnormality may be a shift from the norms, a deviation from mental health that is normal and general failure of an individual to experience effective functioning. This paper sets to discuss the different facets of abnormality. Features of Abnormality Suffering This is a feature of distress associated with a person exhibiting depression, anxiousness and general unhappiness. This is an experience in which unpleasantness is felt. It may also be associated with perception that one is harmed or going to be harmed. Suffering can either be classified as mental or physical. Suffering may take the intensity of either being mild or severe. The effects of suffering may create a clear situation of further abnormality depending on how other people would view it. It can be viewed as deserved or undeserved, useless or useful and as avoidable or unavoidable. All sentient beings experience suffering. From the context of suffering/distress, different aspects of abnormality can be sectioned; nature, origin, remedies, management and uses of that suffering. During suffering, it is normal to experience the victim culminate into threatening others, fighting, escaping which in essence are ways of coping with the situation. These coping traits that an individual experiences are the ones that constitute an abnormality. The limitation of using stress as a definition of abnormality is that it happen all the people and would therefore cause all human kind to be considered abnormal. Many people are also not aware when they are stressed and this may cause them to overlook the help that would alleviate the situation (Dimitrios & Oreopoulos, 2005, p. 3). Maladaptiveness Maladaptiveness is behaviour. This behaviour is a long term issue and may have a toll on one’s life by preventing them from achieving life goals. Maladaptivity causes inhibition to people causing them inability to effectively adapt to some life situations. It is a behaviour that is thought to reduce someone’s anxiety but the end result is not productive enough. Maladaptivity may be to oneself or to a social group. For instance, if someone cannot control a habit like drinking alcohol to the extent that it causes him to lose his job. He may continue taking it in ability to reduce stress. Such a person may dwell more on thinking about how useless he is to himself and to other people. Malaptivity depends on the circumstances of someone’s life and the circumstances (Renee, Mata, Jaeggi, Buschkuehl, & John, 2010, p. 459). The limitation of defining maladaptivity is that it has not been fully defined and some traits like dissent and abstinence may clearly be seen by some people as maladjustment. Unconventional Behaviour In this case, there is a general deviation from the way normal people behave by these abnormal. This is a situation in which people view their actions only as the most conventional when done. If not done, then the missing link in the actions is considered unconventional. If the action is a societal issue, only the people belonging to that society are considered normal and the ways of other societies are unconventional (Mullen & Nadler, 2008, p. 1243). For instance, the conservative old generation may consider the ways of the young generation as unconventional and therefore ...
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This calls for a further advanced system of classifying abnormality.Two diagnostic systems,namely the ‘Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders’ and the ‘International Statistical classification of diseases and related health problems’ have been devised and are commonly referred to by clinicians on order to diagnose a health related problem
Abnormality also refers to statistical infrequency in terms of inability to function properly and in being characterized with enhanced psychological distress and sufferings. It is known that most people have suffered psychological issues sometime in life, which implies that to have psychological problems can be considered to be statistically normal.
“Abnormality is conceived of as a cluster of behaviours” and role cultural social factors remain a significant issue in defining abnormality (Essau, & Petermann, 1997, p.448). Studies have underlined that abnormality or madness has some historical backdrops and it may be as old as mankind.
The concepts of normality and abnormality also change with change in cultures, consider the case of two men holding hands, this case is normal in some societies, while it is different in other societies which consider it an abnormal procedure. Based on the above examples, it is clear that normality and abnormality differ with different perspectives.
However, if you were sitting in the theater and someone yelled this, you would look around for smoke, and if there was nothing, you would think something was wrong (abnormal) with the individual.
According to Dewey (2007), there
In this respect, it is worth looking at depression, schizophrenia, somatization, as well as a few apparent culture-specific.
According to Carson, Butcher, and Coleman, 1988, p.322, the term schizophrenia describes a category of that part
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However, researchers have developed baseline indicators that identify abnormal psychology with great accuracy. This paper will discuss the current definitions and treatment of abnormal psychology and use relevant literature to support arguments presented. The paper is
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