The study further investigates whether the two techniques lead to greater intentions to engage in contact in the future as compared to control condition. The paper in essence argues that that these conditions are important techniques for reducing prejudice, since positive interactions and attitudes towards highly stigmatized group leads to improvement to intergroup relations and reduction of intergroup prejudice. 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Introduction to the Problem Social stigma against those considered as ‘abnormal’ has been in existence since time immemorial. Many of these are often mainly aimed towards people who are mentally challenged with those with schizophrenia representing quite a significant percentage of the stigmatised group. There is consensus in psychology research that most of the social stigma are often mainly because of the how people think and behave towards those considered as ‘abnormal’ (Angermayer and Matschinger, 2003; Link and Phelan, 2001; Angermayer and Dietrich, 2006). Smith, et al (2011:46) in their analysis of perceptions of people towards schizophrenia acknowledge that while previous studies have provided much insight on attitudes and perceptions towards schizophrenia, there is still great lacking in the area enough to help change people’s attitudes towards schizophrenia. As such, the behaviours, perceptions and attitudes that the public has towards people with schizophrenia represents an area of study that requires more research and insight. This is especially important as stigmatised individuals are usually vulnerable in their social environments as they become saddled and labelled with toxic social identities that interfere with their normal lives (Smith, et al, 2011:45). Stigma against people with schizophrenia has an even more significant impact to the individual as the stigma is often motivated by ignorance and fear and the schizophrenia person has less power to determine their lives. Hence this study seeks to examine the attitudes towards people with schizophrenia focusing on ways to reduce the negative outcome through imagined contact and perspective taking techniques. 1.2 Background to the Study Schizophrenia is a long term persistent and severe mental disorder often characterised by delusions, hallucinations and changes in behaviour. This condition which affects both men and women has been noted to affect approximately 0.5-1% of the population in a given area (Leiderman, et al, 2011:281). For instance, in the UK, a National Survey of Psychiatric Morbidity in showed that five out of a thousand people in the country experienced a chronic form of schizophrenia either in terms of manic depression or schizophrenia (NHS, 2010). Schizophrenia has attracted attention from both researchers and practitioners since some of its symptoms such as hallucination and delusions can be difficult to comprehend. While patients with schizophrenia are rarely violent, the few that are tend to be bizarre attracting a great deal of high profile public
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Attitude towards People with Schizophrenia Name: Lecturer Name: Course code: Contents Contents 2 Abstract 3 1.0 Introduction 4 1.1 Introduction to the Problem 4 1.2 Background to the Study 5 1.3 Problem Statement 7 1.4 Research Questions and Purpose of the Study 8 1.5 Significance of the Study 9 2.0 Literature review 9 2.1 Overview on schizophrenia 9 2.2 Attitudes towards people with schizophrenia 10 2.3 Imagined Contact and Attitude towards schizophrenia 12 2.4 Perspective-taking and attitude towards schizophrenia 15 3.0 Methodology 18 3.1 Research design and data collection 18 3.2 Selection of Participants 19 3.3 Instrumentation and procedures 20 3.4 Ethical Considerations 21 References 23 …
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7 Research limitations 25 3.8 Summary 25 4.Findings and analysis 26 4.1 Personal information and demographic profile of the sampling unit 26 4.2 Recognition on tablet 27 4.3 Overall comments to tablet 30 4.4 Conation to tablet 31 4.5 Cross tabulation of data 32 4.6 Summary 36 5.Observations and conclusion 37 5.1 Observations and inferences 37 5.2 Conclusion 39 References 42 Appendix A 45 Appendix B 50 Abstract Technology products and services are driving markets in the present economic environment.
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