This paper approves that with chronic diseases comes disability, which means that long-term care services like nursing homes, personal care, home health, adult day care and congregate housing will certainly become fundamental sources of care. Further, there will be need for the development of new ways of integrating medical and long-term care services, which will prove to be substantially difficult for many countries due to the fragmentation of the financing and the delivery systems. There has been a growing concern of the current and future supply long-term care and acute workers particularly nurses and paraprofessionals like certified nurse assistants, professional care attendants and home health aides. A bulk of the long-term service care is provided by unskilled paraprofessionals who are mainly women and those drawn from racial and ethnic minorities.
This report makes a conclusion that the graying population poses a real challenge to the policy makers; however, it does not necessarily mean despair. Population and ageing indeed does raise some formidable and fundamentally new challenges, however, they are not insurmountable. With those challenge comes some new opportunities since people will have healthier and longer lives which will mean extended working years, and different capabilities and needs. We should work towards building a society that has a good equilibrium in that all age groups are balanced. However, we need to be ready for changes in demographics so as to able to provide our citizens both young and old with the best possible opportunities. ...Show more